Reasons for Democracy

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Introduction - Wider Context
Early 19th century - few people would go outwith a few miles of where born - limited communication. 5% who COULD vote where wealthy land owners and only had the choice of two parties - Liberals and Tories
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Introduction - Context
Before 1851 Britain not democratic - first reform act 1832 extended franchise but only 5% could vote . Corruption/bribery because no secret ballot. By 1928 all male and female ratepayers could vote and privately - 1872 Ballot act.
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Introduction - Factors
Pressure Groups (least important, no evidence to suggest they wouldn't have gone ahead without them), industrial revolution, changing political attitudes, political advantage
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Introduction - Line of Argument
coexisting created a climate where change was the only viable option. HOWEVER, popular pressure was least important. Economic and social effects of industrial revolution = most important because gave people ability to gain support, learn, voice.
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Popular Pressure - Knowledge
Groups were forming to put pressure on the government to meet political demands. Reform League - 1865, extended franchise, secret ballot and election every 3 years.
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Popular Pressure - Argument
Royden Harrison, Historian - popular pressure made giving into demands of pressure groups safer than not - Hyde park riots 1866. HOWEVER - reform act gave more than demands asked for. Suffragettes = looked irrational. NOT MOST IMPORTANT - GONE AHEAD
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Economic and Social Effects of Industrial Revolution - Knowledge
Took place in 19th century. railways
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Card 2

Front

Introduction - Context

Back

Before 1851 Britain not democratic - first reform act 1832 extended franchise but only 5% could vote . Corruption/bribery because no secret ballot. By 1928 all male and female ratepayers could vote and privately - 1872 Ballot act.

Card 3

Front

Introduction - Factors

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Introduction - Line of Argument

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Popular Pressure - Knowledge

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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