Reagents and Conditions

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Nitration of Benzene
HNO3 and H2SO4. 50°C, reflux.
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Halogenation of Benzene (eg. Bromination)
FeBr3, Br2, heat, reflux.
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Preparation of Aliphatic Amines
Ethanolic ammonia, halogenoalkane, heat (not reflux).
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Preparation of Aromatic Amines
Nitrobenzene, conc HCl, Sn, heat, reflux.
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Diazotisation
Phenylamine, HNO2, HCl, below 10°C.
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Coupling with a phenol
Diazonium ion, phenol, cold, alkaline (aqueous NaOH).
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Acid hydrolysis of polypeptides
Conc HCl, heat, reflux.
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Esterification
Carboxylic acid, alcohol, conc H2SO4 catalyst, reflux.
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Oxidation of alcohols
Acidified potassium dichromate (K2Cr2O7/H2SO4), either distillation or reflux depending on desired product.
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Reduction
Ketone or aldehyde, NaBH4.
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Halogenoalkane --> alcohol
NaOH, H2O, reflux.
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Halogenoalkane --> amine
Ethanolic ammonia.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

FeBr3, Br2, heat, reflux.

Back

Halogenation of Benzene (eg. Bromination)

Card 3

Front

Ethanolic ammonia, halogenoalkane, heat (not reflux).

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Nitrobenzene, conc HCl, Sn, heat, reflux.

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Phenylamine, HNO2, HCl, below 10°C.

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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