1. How did the population of black people in America originally come to exist?
- The black population were indigenous to America, but were reduced to a minority when the Whites settled there.
- Black arrived as immigrants looking for work during WWI.
- Slaves were originally brought to America to work the cotton and tobacco plantations in the south.
- America used to be joined to Africa by a strip of land, and some black people travelled there many centuries ago.
- Blacks were employed by the Americans to fight for them during the civil war.
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2. What was the purpose of the ‘Jim Crow laws’ (1828-1964)?
- They stopped black people from occupying positions of power.
- They made segregation legal in southern states.
- They gave black men the right to vote.
- They made race riots in the north illegal.
- They allowed a white man to legally kill a black man.
3. Why were the Ku Klux Klan rarely convicted for their crimes?
- The Imperial Wizard (leader of the KKK) had an underground system of bribery for all areas of power. This included some areas of government.
- 90% of the population were KKK members in 1965.
- They were often protected by police officers who were KKK members, and white juries were reluctant to find KKK members guilty.
- Anyone who spoke out against them knew that they would be a target for violence.
4. Segregation was founded on the doctrine of 'separate, but equal'. How did the NAACP use this to their advantage in the 'Brown vs. Topeka' case?
- They said that due to the inbalance of government funding to black schools in comparison to white schools, children did not have the same educational equipment.
- They said that segregation in schools could never lead to equality because the white children would always be treated with more respect than the black children.
- They said this could not apply to segregation in schools because a message of inequality was being sent out to black children, making them feel inferior and therefore less likely to learn than white children.
- They said that because the ratio of black schools to black children was so much lower than of white schools to white children, the overcrowding caused extreme problems with learning, and therefore deprived black children of equal opportunities.
5. Which of the following is NOT true of the 'Brown vs. Topeka' incident?
- The court case gained a lot of support from the black community.
- It was the start of the civil rights movement.
- It lead to the incident at Little Rock.
- Martin Luther King was not involved.
- It resulted in a revival of the KKK.