psychology unit 1

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Encoding
changing information so that it can be stored.
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Storage
holding information in the memory system.
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Retrieval
recovering information from storage.
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multi-store
the idea that information passes through a series of memory stores.
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sensory store
holds information recieved from the senses for a very short period of time.
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short-term store
holds approximately seven chunks of information for a limited amount of time
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long-term store
holds a vast amount of information for a very long period of time
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recency effect
information recieved later is recalled better than earlyer information
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primacy effect
the first information recieved is recalled better than subsequent information
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reconstructive memory
altering our recollection of things so that they make more sense to us
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structual processing
thinking about the physical appearance of the word to he learnt
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phinetic processing
thinking about the sound of the words to be learnt
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sementic processing
thinking about the meaning of the words to he learnt
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levels of processing
the depth at which information is thought about when trying to learn it
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interference
things that we have learnt that make it difficult to recall other information
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retroactive interference
when information we have recently learnt hinders our ability to recall information we have learnt previously
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proactive interference
when information we have already learnt hinders our ability to recall new information
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context
general setting or environment in which activities happen
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anterograde amnesia
being unable to learn new information
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hippocampus
brain structure that is crucial for memory
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retrograde amnesia
loss of memory and events that happen before
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reliability
in the context to eyewitness testimony, the extent to which it can be regarded as accurate
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leading question
a question that hints that a particular type of answer is required
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cognitive interview
a method of questioning witnesses that involves recreating the context of an event
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

holding information in the memory system.

Back

Storage

Card 3

Front

recovering information from storage.

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

the idea that information passes through a series of memory stores.

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

holds information recieved from the senses for a very short period of time.

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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