PSYCHOLOGY REVISION CORE STUDIES

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  • Created by: Hannah
  • Created on: 18-04-14 15:14
What approach was Milgram's study on obedience in?
Social psychology
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What was the aim of Milgram's study on obedience?
To investigate what level of obedience would be shown when subjects were told by an authority figure to give electric shocks to another person
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What was the sample used in Milgrams study on obedience?
40 pts all male, 20 - 50yrs, from Newhaven USA, self selected
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What was the dependent variable in Milgram's study on obedience?
The level of volts to measure obedience
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Describe the apparatus used in Milgram's study on obedience
An electric shock generator with 30 switches going up from 15 to 450 volts up in 15 volt increments
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Describe the two confederates who took part in Milgram's study on obedience?
Both confederates were male. The 'experimenter' is stern and wearing a lab coat. The 'learner' is mild mannered and likeable.
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List 1 result from Milgram's study on obedience
65% of people went to 450 volts
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List 1 advantage from Milgram's study on obedience
High level of control as each pt experienced the same conditions
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List 1 disadvantage from Milgram's study on obedience
Ethics are low - no informed consent, pts were deceived, and may of been harmed
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Which approach is Piliavin's study on behaviour in?
Social psychology
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What was the IVs and DVs in Piliavin's study on behaviour?
IV1: Whether the victim appears drunk or lame IV2: Whether victim is black or white DV1: number of helpers and time it took them before they helped DV2: the race and gender of the helpers
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What was the hypothesis in Piliavin's study on behaviour?
People will be less likely to help a drunk person rather than an ill person
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Describe the sample in Piliavin's study on behaviour
4450 people witnessing the incidents - 45% black/55%white.
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Describe the observers in Piliavin's study on behaviour
16 students divided into 4 teams of 4 (2 men & 2 women)
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List 2 results from Piliavin's study on behaviour
1) the majority of the 'victims' received help 2) 'ill victims' were more likely to be helped than 'drunken victims' and help was given more quickly
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List 1 advantage from Piliavin's study on behaviour
Representative - the large sample of 4450 passengers represent New York subway users in 1969 but is not true to other cultures or even New Yorkers today
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What was the aim of Milgram's study on obedience?

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To investigate what level of obedience would be shown when subjects were told by an authority figure to give electric shocks to another person

Card 3

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What was the sample used in Milgrams study on obedience?

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Card 4

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What was the dependent variable in Milgram's study on obedience?

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Card 5

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Describe the apparatus used in Milgram's study on obedience

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