Psychology - Research Methods and Techniques

HideShow resource information
  • Created by: ahsaki
  • Created on: 12-05-14 15:15
Lab Experiment
Conducted in a lab setting or away from the participant's normal environment, experimenter is able to control the IV and accurately measure the DV.
1 of 17
Field Experiment
Conducted in a more naturalistic environment, eg work, street etc. involving direct cintrol ober IV by the experimenter
2 of 17
Natural Environment
Participants are in their natural environment where the experimenter has no control over, it reflects naturally occurring differences in the IV
3 of 17
Advantages of Lab Experiment
Can establish cause and effect relationship, easily replicated-high internal validity, less extraneous variable, more objective environment
4 of 17
Advantages of Field Experiment
Establishes cause and effect relationship, can be replicated, less artificial
5 of 17
Advantages of Natural Experiment
Reduction of demand characteristics, Lack of direct intervention by the experimenter
6 of 17
Disadvantages of Lab Experiment
Lacks mundane realism, demand characteristics, low in external/ecological validity, ethical concerns
7 of 17
Disadvantages of Field Experiment
Ethical concern, low in internal validity, more extraneous variable
8 of 17
Disadvantages of Natural Experiment
Loss of control, ethical issues
9 of 17
Examples of Participant Variables
Age, Intelligence, Past experience, Gender
10 of 17
Hawthorne Effect
When participants changes their behavior due to the attention they are being given as participants of the experiment
11 of 17
Social Desirability Biased
When participants try to present themselves in the best possible way
12 of 17
Examples of Situational Variables
Temperature, Equipments used, Instructions given, Lighting, Time of the day
13 of 17
Overcoming Situational Variables
Giving clear standardised instructions, Ensuring consistency throughout the experiment, Having standardised procedures
14 of 17
Pilot Study
A small scale study conducted before a real experiment to check whether the experiment works or to know what needs to be changed to make it a better experiment
15 of 17
Random Errors
Room temperature, State of mind, Level of motivation
16 of 17
Constant Errors
Participant differences, Errors of measurement
17 of 17

Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Conducted in a more naturalistic environment, eg work, street etc. involving direct cintrol ober IV by the experimenter

Back

Field Experiment

Card 3

Front

Participants are in their natural environment where the experimenter has no control over, it reflects naturally occurring differences in the IV

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Can establish cause and effect relationship, easily replicated-high internal validity, less extraneous variable, more objective environment

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Establishes cause and effect relationship, can be replicated, less artificial

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
View more cards

Comments

No comments have yet been made

Similar Psychology resources:

See all Psychology resources »See all Research methods and techniques resources »