Psychology Specification

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Psych Spec Check

Psychology Specification Check

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Models of memory - 1

• The multi-store model, including the concepts of encoding, capacity and 

duration.  Strengths and weaknesses of the model

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Models of memory - 2

• The working memory model, including its strengths and weaknesses

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Memory in everyday life - 1

• Eyewitness testimony (EWT) and factors affecting the accuracy of EWT, 

including anxiety, age of witness

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Memory in everyday life - 2

• Misleading information and the use of the cognitive interview

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Memory in everyday life - 3

• Strategies for memory improvement

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Attachment - 1

• Explanations of attachment, including learning theory, and evolutionary 

perspective, including Bowlby

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Attachment - 2

• Types of attachment, including insecure and secure attachment and studies by 

Ainsworth

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Attachment - 3

• Cultural variations in attachment

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Attachment - 4

• Disruption of attachment, failure to form attachment (privation) and the effects 

of institutionalisation

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Attachment in everyday life - 1

• The impact of different forms of day care on children’s social development, 

including the effects on aggression and peer relations

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Attachment in everyday life - 2

 

• Implications of research into attachment and day care for child care practice

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Methods and techniques - 1

• Experimental method, including laboratory, field and natural experiments, adv+wea

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Methods and techniques - 2

• Studies using a correlational analysis, adv+wea

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Methods and techniques - 3

• Observational techniques, adv+wea

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Methods and techniques - 4

• Self-report techniques including questionnaire and interview, adv+wea

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Methods and techniques - 5

• Case studies, adv+wea

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Investigation design - 1

• Aims

 

• Hypotheses, including directional and non-directional

 

• Experimental design (independent groups, repeated measures and matched 

pairs)

 

• Design of naturalistic observations, including the development and use of 

behavioural categories

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Investigation design - 2

• Design of questionnaires and interviews

 

 

• Operationalisation of variables, including independent and dependent variables

 

 

• Pilot studies

 

 

• Control of extraneous variables

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Investigation design - 3

• Reliability and validity

 

 

 

• Awareness of the British Psychological Society (BPS) Code of Ethics

 

 

 

• Ethical issues and ways in which psychologists deal with them

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Investigation design - 4

• Selection of participants and sampling techniques, including random, 

opportunity and volunteer sampling

 

 

 

 

• Demand characteristics and investigator effects

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Data analysis and presentation - 1

• Presentation and interpretation of quantitative data including graphs, 

scattergrams and tables

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Data analysis and presentation - 2

• Analysis and interpretation of quantitative data.  Measures of central tendency 

including median, mean, mode. Measures of dispersion including ranges and 

standard deviation

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Data analysis and presentation - 3

• Analysis and interpretation of correlational data.  Positive and negative 

correlations and the interpretation of correlation coefficients

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Data analysis and presentation - 4

• Presentation of qualitative data

 

 

 

 

• Processes involved in content analysis

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