Psychology Re-sit

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Atkinson and Shiffrin
Multi Store Model
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Baddley and Hitch
Working Memory Model
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Loftus - Bloody Knife/ Greasy Pen
Study to test effects of anxiety on an individual. Found that when there was weapon focus there was a less recalled. Higher anxiety leads to less accurate eyewitness testimony.
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Yuille and Cutshall
Found that in a real life robbery, those closest and therefore those with highest anxiety recalled more details suggesting that in fact higher anxiety is more reliable in an eyewitness testimony.
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Murdock
Serial Position Curve
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Central Executive
This part of the memory is in control, it controls the attention and passes information to the other sub-system delegating the work. It can also retain information whilst the other systems are occupied.
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Phonological Loop
Made up of the Phonological Store (this codes information for a brief amount of time) and the articulatory Process (this allows for subvocal repetition and helps to remember information in the short term memory).
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Visio-Spatial Sketch Pad
This can work independently from the phonological loop. The sketch pad manipulates mental images and retains them.
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Episodic Buffer
This was a later addition to the multi store model, added by Baddley in 2000. This can manipulate information in the working memory model, it also 'chunk' information.
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Bahrick et al
Found that memory is better for recognition as opposed to recall; the study showed that after 47 years, accuracy was better for recognition and recall fell to below 10% compared to recall after a few years.
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Peterson and Peterson
Studied tested whether prevention of repetition would affect recall. It was found the longer the prevention the lower accuracy of recall.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Working Memory Model

Back

Baddley and Hitch

Card 3

Front

Study to test effects of anxiety on an individual. Found that when there was weapon focus there was a less recalled. Higher anxiety leads to less accurate eyewitness testimony.

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Found that in a real life robbery, those closest and therefore those with highest anxiety recalled more details suggesting that in fact higher anxiety is more reliable in an eyewitness testimony.

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Serial Position Curve

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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