PSYA4 Studies

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Copeland (71)
Cultural differences in diagnosis of schizo, 69% in US, 2% in UK
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Harrison (97)
Incidence for schizo = 8x higher in Afro-Carribbeans, differences in norms, culture
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Ellasson and Ross (95)
Dissociative identity disorder (DID) problem with schizo diagnosis, more schizo symptoms than schizophrenics
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Klosterkotter (94)
Positive symptoms are more useful for diagnosis
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Tienari (00)
Adoption study, adopted children with schizo mothers = Genetic liability for schizo, issue with placement of schizo children, adopters will know about background of child
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Gottesmann (91)
High Concordance rate for children with 2 schizophrenic parents, however, may be a due to familial environment, Expressed Emotion and not heredity
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Comer (03)
Dopamine Hypothesis, more D2 receptors, neurons fire more often, Amphetamines = Agonist, AP drugs = Antagonist, Parkinsons disease
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Haracz (82)
Post mortem studies, blocking D2 receptors may increase dopamine levels, PM study has low generaliseability
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Freud (24)
Schizo, regression to pre ego stage and attempts to re establish ego ctrl
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Brown and Birley (68)
stressful event = higher chance of schizo event in schizophrenic
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Bateson (56)
Double bind theory = contradictory messages from parents = no internally coherent construction of reality
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Berger (65)
higher double bind statement recall from parents of schizophrenics
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Scheff (99)
diagnostic label of schizo, becomes self fulfilling prophecy = against social norms
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Fromm-Reichman
support Freud, schizophrenogenic mothers = in+ incidence of schizo
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Hogarty (91)
treatment which reduces EE = effective in reducing relapse rates
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Ross and Read (04)
motivational deficit = taking AP medication reinforces view that something is wrong, person will do less motivated to reduce schizo triggers
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Hill (86)
Tardive Dyskinesia = common with conventional AP drugs
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Davis (80)
Meta analysis = relapse rates lower for convetional AP group than placebo
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Drury (96)
CBT reduces +ve schizo symptoms and recovery times
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Gottdeiner (00)
meta analysis, psychoanalysis improves schizo symptoms, methodological issues though, few studies and no random allocation
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Kingdon and Kirschen (06)
psychoanalysis may not be effective for all, do not fully engage with therapy
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Malmberg (01)
cannot draw definite conclusions on effectiveness of psychoanalysis
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Card 2

Front

Incidence for schizo = 8x higher in Afro-Carribbeans, differences in norms, culture

Back

Harrison (97)

Card 3

Front

Dissociative identity disorder (DID) problem with schizo diagnosis, more schizo symptoms than schizophrenics

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Positive symptoms are more useful for diagnosis

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Adoption study, adopted children with schizo mothers = Genetic liability for schizo, issue with placement of schizo children, adopters will know about background of child

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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