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Peterson and Peterson
STM Duration: remember trigram after time counting backwards from 3 digit number = STM duration less than 18s
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Marsh
STM Duration evidence: version of Peterson and Peterson, didn't know about aim of study, recall was only 2 secs
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Shepard
LTM Duration: 612 memorable pics shown, after 1hr, almost perfect recall
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Bahrick
LTM Duration: Natural exp, Yearbook names to faces 50 yrs on, 70% accurate, uncontrolled nature
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Jacobs
STM Capacity: Digit span, 9.3 items remembered on average, 7.3 letters = more numbers than letters
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Baddeley
STM Capacity evidence: Initial letters of post code easier to remember when memorable RWA
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Baddeley Encode
STM and LTM encoding, List of acoustically and semantically similar words, STM encoding usually acoustic, LTM encoding usually semantic
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Brandimote
STM encoding Eval, visual encoding used if verbal rehearsal is inhibited (verbal task during retention period)
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Atkinson and Shiffrin
Multi Store Model sensory memory, short term memory and long term memory
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Sperling
12 digits recalled from flash display, all digits = recall poor, for one row, recall better = sensory info decays rapidly
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Hitch and Baddeley
performance poorer when given CE and PL task and separate CE task at same time, could not process using same stores
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Bunge
Phonological loop capacity = 2 secs, Word length effect disappears if articulatory process is suppressed
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Shallice and Warrington
KF Case Study, LTM and Visual STM Intact, but verbal STM poor, evidence of PL and VSS
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Loftus and Palmer
Traffic accidents, contacted, bumped, hit, collided and smashed, higher speed estimation for smashed - leading questions influence recall
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Loftus et al
Stop Yield sign, gave consistent info or inconsistent info about sign, worse recall for original info if given inconsistent info
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Wells and Olsen
mistaken eyewitness testimony = largest factor in innocent conviction
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Deffenbacher
Anxiety on ewt = Meta analysis,18 studies, stress has negative impact on eyewitness recall
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Johnson and scott
Anxiety on ewt = Weapon Focus effect, 2 conditions, criminal with greased pen or bloody knife, less accurate with bloody knife
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Rinolo
Titanic sinking, survivors reported that ship split in half, proved right, anxiety MAY NOT worsen recall
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Parker and Carranza
Age and EWT = children more likely to make errors
20 of 25
Yarmey/Memon
Old adults, same accuracy but less confidence in confederate recall than young adults/accuracy in older people, not long lasting, dropped after a week
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Anastasi and Rhodes
Own age bias, recall more accurate when target photos are of similar age to ppt
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Fisher and Geiselman
Cognitive interview: Report everything, mental reinstatement of original context, changing order and changing perspective
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Kebbel and Wagstaff
different police depts use different versions of CI, makes comparison difficult, CI is also more time consuming, preference for limiting amount of info
24 of 25
Milne and Bull
Lab experiment, first 2 steps, more effective than just standard interview, instructing to try again was less effective than using another aspect
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

STM Duration evidence: version of Peterson and Peterson, didn't know about aim of study, recall was only 2 secs

Back

Marsh

Card 3

Front

LTM Duration: 612 memorable pics shown, after 1hr, almost perfect recall

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

LTM Duration: Natural exp, Yearbook names to faces 50 yrs on, 70% accurate, uncontrolled nature

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

STM Capacity: Digit span, 9.3 items remembered on average, 7.3 letters = more numbers than letters

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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