Product considerations, environment and design

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What are different functions of textiles?
Shelter, protection, comfort, decoration, toys and games, practical tools
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Give three examples of advanced uses of textiles in industries:
3 of: roads and infrastructure, flooring, medicine, specialised protective clothing and agriculture
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What are the different types of sewing machines?
A standard sewing machine joins fabrics and does simple embroidery, an embroidery sewing machine has lots of decorative stitches, a computerised sewing machine is very advanced and is controlled by a computer and an over locker which neatens seams
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What are the different types of weaving loom?
hand looms, ground looms, back strap looms and frame looms some of which can be linked to computers
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What is the purpose of research?
Involves collecting and collating and then analysing to report on factors that affect consumer's choice and the consumer's preferences
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What is a focus group?
Focus groups bring together a small group of consumers so that designers can ask questions about how they use the products and gain feedback
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Where can designers get inspiration?
Art, Graphics, Photos, Materials, Exhibitions, Shows, Cinema, Travel, Architecture and Nature
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What is intelligence gathering?
The process of gathering lots of detailed information about the target market
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Why wpuld you need a large sample size of results?
To get the average of people's want and needs and for it to be more reliable and helpful
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What are the three types of specification?
Design specification- created from design after brief research, essential and desirable criteria. Product specification- drawn up after decision on development. Manufacturing specification- identifies tasks and materials to make product
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What are the main specification considerations?
Form (shape) Function, User requirements, Performance requirements, Materials and components, Scale of production, Budget and Sustainability
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What are colours divided into?
Primary, secondary and tertiary
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How can you describe colours?
Monochromatic, Complementary, Harmonious, Warm and Cold. Also, the hue, the shade, the tint and tone need to have a consideration
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What is a carbon footprint?
Measure of the amount of carbon dioxide produced directly or indirectly when creating a product
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Examples of types chemicals used for dying and finishing
Chemical dyes, resins to make shrink proof and softeners to improve the feel of the fabric
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Other than chemical waste name examples of other sustainability issues
Using and contaminating large volumes of water and using lots of energy to fuel machinery
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What are possible solutions to increase sustainability in the manufacture of textiles
Cold water dyes, renewable sources of energy, reducing need for dark dyes, natural dyes, using naturally coloured yarn, fabrics already having the required properties and using biomass to make bio fuels for transportation
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Why is sustainability needed in textiles?
The sources are carefully managed so they can be used in the future and by us, the plants and animals are replaced otherwise it could lead to extinction.
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What is biotechnology?
Producing natural materials in a laboratory without the use of plants and animals. 'victimless leather' can be 'grown'
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How can energy used in laundry and after-care be reduced?
Durable and easy to care for products, producing products that can be washed at low temperatures, avoiding fabrics that are dry clean only and using fabrics that require little or no ironing
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How can we reduce wasted fabrics?
Reusing off cuts, using computerised lay planning and pattern cutting
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How can we reduce the environmental impact when designing?
Design for durability, comfort and function instead of fashion, design reusable products instead of disposable, try to source local materials
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How can we reduce environmental impacts when looking at fabrics
Consider the specification of the fabric
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Card 2

Front

Give three examples of advanced uses of textiles in industries:

Back

3 of: roads and infrastructure, flooring, medicine, specialised protective clothing and agriculture

Card 3

Front

What are the different types of sewing machines?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What are the different types of weaving loom?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What is the purpose of research?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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ZinaK - Team GR

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So far this is incomplete but I have it ready to use in case anyone finds it useful- please don't rate it badly yet :O

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