Polymer revolution keywords

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Hydrogen bond
A strong dipole-dipole attraction between an electron deficient H atom on one molecule and a lone pair of electrons on a highly electronegative atom (FON) on a different molecule
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Intermolecular bonds
Attractive forces between neighbouring molecules
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Aldehydes
Compounds containing a Carbon-Oxygen double bond functional group at the end of the chain
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Ketones
Compounds containing a Carbon-Oxygen double bond functional group in the middle of the chain
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Carboxylic acids
Compounds containing a Carbon atom attached to a Carbon-oxygen double bond and an -OH group
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Primary alcohols
Alcohols in which the -OH group is attached to a Carbon attached to only one other Carbon (At the end of the chain)
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Secondary alcohols
Alcohols in which the -OH group is attached to a Carbon atom attached to two other Carbons (in the middle of the chain)
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Tertiary alcohols
Alcohols in which the -OH group is attached to a Carbon attached to 3 other Carbon atoms
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Elimination reaction
The removal of atoms from a saturated molecule to form an unsaturated molecule
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Addition reaction
A reaction in which a reactant is added to an unsaturated molecule to make a saturated molecule
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Electrophile
A positive Ion or molecule with a partial positive charge that will be attracted to a negatively charged region and react by accepting a lone pair of electrons to form a new covalent bond
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E/Z isomerism
A type of stereoisomerism in which different groups attached to each carbon of a Carbon-Carbon double bond
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Thermoplastic
Polymers without cross links between it's chains, attractive forces in thermoplasts can be overcome by warming
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Thermoset
Polymers with extensive cross-linking between the different polymer chains, it's covalent bonds cannot be broken through warming. Instead thermoplasts char.
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Co-polymer
A polymer made when two different monomers have been incorporated into the polymer chain
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Addition polymerisation
The process in which unsaturated alkane monomers (repeating units) join together to form a long saturated molecular chain (the addition polymer)
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Attractive forces between neighbouring molecules

Back

Intermolecular bonds

Card 3

Front

Compounds containing a Carbon-Oxygen double bond functional group at the end of the chain

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Compounds containing a Carbon-Oxygen double bond functional group in the middle of the chain

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Compounds containing a Carbon atom attached to a Carbon-oxygen double bond and an -OH group

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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