politics key words

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features of representative democracy
elect representatives on behalf of the people. politics parties represent as well as pressure groups.
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liberal democracy
high level of political toleration as well as individual liberties being respected and well protected. e.g. germany
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legitimacy
the right to govern and make laws. The right of an individual to exercise power, conveyed by an election
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participating in politics
referendums, vote in elections, join party
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features of referendum
referendums don't secure representation, but are concerned with a specific issue
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democratic legitimacy
the right to exercise power once it has been achieved through a democratic route, e.g. election
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features of UK parliamentary democracy
two houses of parliament, one elected one appointed, also has free and fair elections every 5 years
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direct democracy
when the people make decisions usually through referendum. the people are directly consulted
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features of parliamentary democracy
fusion of powers contrasted with the US that is separate. government and judiciary are not equal partners and sharing power but are both subservient to parliament
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sectional pressure group
represent a section of society. interested only in the interests of that group and have narrow goals e.g. trade unions
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promotional pressure groups
concerned with a cause or issue. Open to all members of the community and believe that their cause or issue will benefit society e.g. friends of the earth
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pluralism
ideas and groups can flourish together. Power is dispersed and people receive equal treatment
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elitism
a concentration of power in a few hands. most groups in society are denied power or influence
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insider groups
such as the RSPCA; have direct access to decision making and are involved in the development of policy
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outsider groups
such as Greenpeace; may not want to be an insider due to not wanting to be associated with who is in power. instead they rely on public support and the media
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differences between pressure groups and political parties
parties seek to gain governmental power and have to develop policies on a range of issues
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how do pressure groups promote functional representation
speak out on issues which parties don't talk about and represent the minority such as LGBT
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functions of pressure groups
protect the rights of their workers e.g. trade unions BMA junior doctor pay. another to serve minorities who aren't represented in society e.g. the howard league acts of securing fairness in the justice system for prisoners
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Card 2

Front

high level of political toleration as well as individual liberties being respected and well protected. e.g. germany

Back

liberal democracy

Card 3

Front

the right to govern and make laws. The right of an individual to exercise power, conveyed by an election

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

referendums, vote in elections, join party

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

referendums don't secure representation, but are concerned with a specific issue

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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