Political Geographies

What's a satellite campaign?
When vote seeking activism is primarily driven by intermediary organisations without the control of the party
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What are the three types of democratic intermediary?
Preference, information, interaction
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Who came up with democratic intermediaries?
Edwards, 2006
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Positives of satellite campaigns?
flexible, orbiting, doers not joiners, connects individuals via non traditional routes
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Example of satellite campaign?
Momentum, labour supporter
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When was the first digital campaign?
2015 election according to Usher (2016)
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How much did US mid terms spend on Facebook ads?
$1.8 million (Dommett and Power, 2019)
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How is facebook used?
demographic and like data to micro target groups, can create and build on networks
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How much did the conservatives spend on facebook in 2015?
£1.2 million
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Who came up with the three world of welfare?
Esping-Andersen 1999
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What are the three world of welfare?
Liberal, Conservative and Social Democrat
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What's the liberal welfare regime?
lower levels of state intervention, means tested, market forces establish social security
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Example of liberal welfare regime?
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What's the conservative regime?
shaped by family values, more generous and based on insurance principles e.g. Germany
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What's the social democrat regime?
universal benefits, decommodification of welfare e.g. Norway
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What was the three world of welfare based on?
social policy history of 18 OECD states
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What are the critiques of three world's of welfare?
too narrow, no focus on med states (Ferrera, 1993), no east asian focus (Walker and Wong, 2005), no health care, gender blind (Lewis, 1992), immigrants (Sainsbury, 2006)
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What's the Third Sector's relationship with the state?
Biting the hand that feeds, better placed to provide services, negotiations, role as insider
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References for austerity localism?
Clayton et al., 2015 and Featherstone et al., 2012
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What % of cuts did local government get?
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What % of populations believe the government did too much according to Smith, 2010?
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How did Sweden respond to the economic crisis?
government spending increased
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How did Germany respond to the economic crisis?
investment in jobs, tax measures and relief, Kenseyian approach
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How did UK respond to economic crisis?
bailed out the banks, nationalisation of banks to protect finance sector from the market, interventionist approach
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How did Denmark respond to the economic crisis?
welfare state was seen as part of the problem, austerity, move away from the Nordic model
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Reference for Denmark?
Balorda, 2019
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What is populism ?
Phantom ideology, anti-elitist, for the people, narrow core which latches on to other ideologies
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Who came up with core theory?
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What are the causes of Brexit?
left behind, immigration, crisis of the state, austerity, imperial history, populism
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Reference for Crisis of the State?
Jessop, 2017
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Reference for the left behind?
Goodwin and Ford, 2017
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Reference for austerity?
Fetzer, 2018
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Reference for immigration?
Goodwin and Millazzo, 2017
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Reference for populism?
Hopkins, 2017
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What is ethnic nationalism?
exclusivity, based on shared heritage and origins
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What is civic nationalism?
inclusivity, citizenship matters, right to self-determination
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What is economic nationalism?
policies to bolster national economy
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Who's the reference for civic nationalism?
Ignatiff, 1993
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Whos the reference for ethnic nationalism?
Flint and Taylor, 2006
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Who's the reference for economic nationalism?
Shulman, 2000
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What are the theories of nationalism ?
Modernisation, uneven development, imagined communities
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What is modernisation?
nationalism emerges as a result of transition to world as we know it, secularisation, problem of meaning
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What is uneven development?
how periphery defend themself against the core
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who came up with modernisation?
Smith, 1998
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Who came up with uneven development?
Nairn, 1977
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Who came up with imagined communities?
Anderson, 1983
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What's convergence?
tendency of societies to grow more alike
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what's a critical juncture?
a moment that can cause one selection of a path over another
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What's path dependency?
intital moves in one direction elicit further moves in that same direction
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What is punctuated equilibrium?
periods of insitutional change are interrupted by moments of transformation
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What is the history of the third sector?
providers, complimentary, supplementary, partners
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Example of a third sector org?
Wellcome Trust
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What is the third sector?
Range of org that are neither public or private, independent of government, value driven and motivated to achieve social goals
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What does Kisby et al., 2010 say about localism?
Social mobility requires recognition that the ability to get on is influenced by patterns of resource and opportunity
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Other cards in this set

Card 2


What are the three types of democratic intermediary?


Preference, information, interaction

Card 3


Who came up with democratic intermediaries?


Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4


Positives of satellite campaigns?


Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5


Example of satellite campaign?


Preview of the front of card 5
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