- Created by: Lizziecotton1
- Created on: 09-01-19 12:24
Post war agricultural change
1. farming became Industrialised
2. farming is part of a complex food system
All agricultural sectors have been influenced by the industrialisation process
An increase in inputs and outputs.
Inputs: Agro-chemicals- fertilizers
land improvement technology e.g. drainage
infrastructure- buildings/ farm mandagement
biotechnology- crop strains
Fewer but larger farimg units
driven by internal and external factors:
Internal- search for economies of scale to reduce production costs.
External- response to agri-food systems dominatied by supermarkets.
Elimination of least profitable enterprises
-shift away from mixed farming, only specalises in one thing
-regional specialisation e.g. sheep/ cattle farming dominates the south west
Rise in mega farms- 16 milliom factory farmed animals in herefordshire
- 26% increase in intensive farming in plast 6 years- poultry farms are largest
large scale glasses hosues and polytunnels for fruit and new development
What has driven industrialisation of agriculture?
- Since WW2, government has invested in agriculture- food shortages cause political unrest, lead to food surplus
- Economic factors- growth and profit. Turned way of life inot agri- buisness
- Social change - lifestyle chnage, demand for different food products after the war
Positive consequences of the industrialisation pro
- Sustained increases in agricultural production.
- Garunteed food suplies- cheaper food.
- Good income for some farmers.
Negative consequences of the industrialisation pro
- Environmental damage
- Loss of farming 'culture' and families
- Animal welfare impacts
- Less poweful partof the food chain
Lowe et al- 1987
Biggets change in natural history pf Britains lamdscape ever experienced in such a short period of time- alarming that little is understood about these change, yet what is known is appalling
Environmental Damage affects
- Soil erosion in parts of counrty
- pollution of water courses- especially from dairy farms, west part of country
- Loss of habitat- chalk grassland in South/Norths downs
- Species Loss due to loss of habitiat- Skylark
- Landscape change- glasshosues and polytunnes- chnage the look of the landcape
Loss of farming population
Fewer farming people meand a decline in village services e.g. pub closure and derelict farmers cottages.
Greater system risks
Foot and mouth- mass scale
Animal welfare impacts
- health implications of breeding for fast growth
- high mortality rates
-skin burns from sitting in own ammonia rich dung
-some birds eat dead birds