Pe applied exercise physiology - chapters 1 & 2

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  • Created by: Hannah
  • Created on: 14-05-13 21:13
Define health
Physical, mental and social well being, not just the absence of ill health
1 of 15
Define fitness
to be able to cope with the demands of the environment for an individuals day to day life
2 of 15
Name the health-related fitness components
muscular endurance, stamina, strength, speed, muscular endurance, flexibility and power
3 of 15
Name the skill-related fitness components
Reaction time, agility, co-ordination and balance
4 of 15
Explain how a poor diet affects health and fitness
can result in heart disease, arthritis, type 2 diabetes and high blood pressure. Can reduce fitness levels due to a lack of ability to do exercise.
5 of 15
Explain how little exercise can affect health and fitness
If you do not exercise often you are likely to suffer from a 'diminished aerobic fitness', 'reduced flexibility', 'reduced strength' and a change in our 'body composition'.
6 of 15
Explain what alcohol does to our bodies
Causes liver damage, can cause cancer, can cause high blood pressure/disease and digestive system problems
7 of 15
Explain what smoking does to our bodies
can cause: lung cancer, heart disease, bronchitis, strokes, stomach ulcers
8 of 15
state how exercise improves well-being
Improves our cardiovascular systems, changes our body composition, improves the efficiency of our respiratory centre, enhances the strength of our muscles to allow for more flexibility, reduces anxiety/stress
9 of 15
Define obesity
A condition where a person's percentage body fat is over 40% associated with several diseases
10 of 15
define BMI
Body mass index - indication of height and weight ratio. A BMI above 30 indicates obesity.
11 of 15
What are the 7 classes of food?
Carbohydrates, fats, vitamins, minerals, dietary fibre, water and proteins
12 of 15
List some minerals
Calcium, magnesium, phosphorus, sodium, potassium, iron, iodine
13 of 15
List some vitamins
A, D, K, C, B1, B2
14 of 15
Define a balanced diet
likely to include a large number or variety of foods, so adequate intakes of all the nutrients are involved.
15 of 15

Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Define fitness

Back

to be able to cope with the demands of the environment for an individuals day to day life

Card 3

Front

Name the health-related fitness components

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Name the skill-related fitness components

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Explain how a poor diet affects health and fitness

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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