PE Keywords

Health
a state of complete mental, physical and social well-being; not merely the absence of illness or infirmity.
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Fitness
Fitness is the ability to meet the demands of the environment.
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Flexibility
the range of motion of your joints or the ability of your joints to move freely.
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Cardio-respiratory endurance
the ability of the heart and lungs to provide the working muscles with oxygenated blood for a prolonged period of time
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Strength
the maximal force that a muscle can exert as it contracts
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Muscular endurance
Muscular endurance is the ability of a muscle or group of muscles to perform repeated contractions for extended periods of time without tiring.
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Power
Power is a combination of using strength and speed at the same time
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Exercise
a form of physical activity done to maintain or improve health and or physical fitness; it is not a competitive sport
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Performance
how well a task is completed
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Body Composition
this is the relative ratio of fat mass to fat free mass in the body. If a performer has the optimum ratio for their activity, this should help their performance.
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Individual Needs
this means matching the training to the individual person as not everyone has the same level of fitness
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Over Training
this means doing too much training which can lead to injury and can prevent improvement
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Karvonen Formula
220-age=maximum heart rate. Calculate 60-80%=aerobic. Calculate 80-100%=anaerobic
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Continuous Training
Aerobic training done in sessions of 20 minutes or longer with no breaks
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Fartlek Training
is a form of continuous training, its key characteristics are variations in pace and terrain covered during sessions
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Circuit Training
involves a chain of different activities that can be selected to suit individuals or activity requirements
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Interval Training
has periods of intense, explosive activity, with breaks within the session to allow recovery
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Injury Prevention
general risks that are associated with most physical activity. you could sprain an ankle or pull a muscle in most activities
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Sprain
this is an injury at the joint where some of the fibers of ligaments are torn
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Soft tissue injuries
these are injuries to the tissue surrounding the joints. Strains, tennis elbow and golfers elbow
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Fitness is the ability to meet the demands of the environment.

Back

Fitness

Card 3

Front

the range of motion of your joints or the ability of your joints to move freely.

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

the ability of the heart and lungs to provide the working muscles with oxygenated blood for a prolonged period of time

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

the maximal force that a muscle can exert as it contracts

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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