PE GCSE Keywords

"With oxygen". If exercise is not too fast and is steady, the heart can supply all the oxygen muscles need.
Aerobic
1 of 80
To be able to see the beauty in performance
Aesthetic appreciation
2 of 80
The ability to change te position of the body quickly and to control the movement of the whole body
Agility
3 of 80
Drugs that mimic the male sex hormone testosterone and promote bone and muscular growth
Anabolic steriods
4 of 80
"Without oxygen". If exercise is done in short, fast bursts, the heart cannot supply blood and oxygen to muscles as fast as the cells use them.
Anaerobic
5 of 80
Pertraining to anorexia; a prolonged eating disorder due to a loss of apetite.
Anorexic
6 of 80
The ability to retain the bodys centre of mass (gravity) above the base of support with references to static (stationary) or dynamic (changing), conditions of movement, shape and orientation
Balance
7 of 80
A diet which contains an optimal ratio of nutrients
Balanced diet
8 of 80
Drugs that are used to control the heart rate and that have a calming effect and relaxing effect.
Beta blockers
9 of 80
Force exerted by the heart as it pumps blood out of the heart and into the arteries ( systolic high pressure) and it is low whe it relaxes between beats (diastolic).
Blood Pressure
10 of 80
The percentage of body weight which is fat, muscle and bone.
Body composition
11 of 80
The amount of blood ejected from the heart in one minute
Cardiac output
12 of 80
The ability to exercise the entire body for long periods of time.
Cardiovascular fitness
13 of 80
Blood fat which the body needs in moderate amounts.
Cholesterol
14 of 80
A set of 6 to 10 exercises performed at stations in an organised pattern.
Circuit training
15 of 80
The relationship between; skill, the selection and application of the skills, tactics, strategies and compositional ideas..
Competence
16 of 80
A test for cardiovascular fitness
Cooper's run test
17 of 80
The ability to use two or more body parts together
Coordination
18 of 80
Using more than one training method
Cross training
19 of 80
Drugs that elevate the rate of bodily urine excretation
Diuretics
20 of 80
Individuals with narrow shoulders and narrow hips, characterised by thinness
Ectomorph
21 of 80
Individuals with narrow shoulders and wide hips, characterised by fat
Endomorph
22 of 80
A type of peptide hormone that increases the red blood cell count
Enrythropoietin (EPO)
23 of 80
A form of physical activity done to maintain or improve health and/or physical fitness.
Exercise
24 of 80
This training allows an athlete to run at varying speeds, over unmeasured distances, on different terrains.
Fartlek
25 of 80
The ability to meet the demands of the environment
Fitness
26 of 80
Frequency, intensity, type and time
FITT
27 of 80
The range of movement possible at a joint
Flexibility
28 of 80
A state of complete mental, physical and social wellbeing, and not merely the absence of disease and infirmity.
Health
29 of 80
Exercise which is undertaken primarily to improve health and fitness for life.
Health related exercise
30 of 80
A lifestyle that contributes positively to physical, mental and social wellbeing, and that includes regular physical activity
Healthy active lifestyle
31 of 80
The number of times the heart beats each minute
Heart rate
32 of 80
Disease related to too little activity.
Hypokinetic disease
33 of 80
Scientific term for an increase in the size of muscle
Hypertrophy
34 of 80
Matching training to the requirements of an individual
Individual needs/differences
35 of 80
Muscle contraction which results in increased tension but the length does not alter.
Isometric contraction
36 of 80
Muscle contraction which results in limb movement
Isotonic contraction
37 of 80
A place where two or more bones meet
Joint
38 of 80
A tissue that joins bone to bone
Ligament
39 of 80
Individuals with wide shoulders and narrow hips, characterised by muscle
Mesomorph
40 of 80
Interval training, continous training, circuit training, fartlek training, cross training.
Method of training
41 of 80
The ability to use voluntary muscles many times without getting tired
Muscular endurance
42 of 80
Muscles may be arranged in groups according location and/or function
Muscle groups
43 of 80
The amount of force a muscle can exert against a resistance.
Muscular strength
44 of 80
Drugs that can be used to reduce the feeling of pain
Narcotic analegsics
45 of 80
A term used to describe people who are very overfat
Obese
46 of 80
Best weight or desirable weight- the best weight a player performs at.
Optimum weight
47 of 80
A way of saying you have more body fat than you should have.
Overfat
48 of 80
Fitness can only be improved through training more than you normally do.
Overload
49 of 80
Having weight in excess of normal ( not harmful unless accompanied by overfatness).
Overweight
50 of 80
The amount of oxygen consumed during recovery above that which would ordinarily been consumed in the same time at rest.
Oxygen Debt
51 of 80
Physical activity readiness questionnaire
PAR-Q
52 of 80
Personal exercise programme
PEP
53 of 80
Drugs that cause production of other hormones
Peptide Hormones
54 of 80
How well a task is completed
Performance
55 of 80
Pe and school sport club links
PESSCL
56 of 80
Any form of exercise or movement
Physical activity
57 of 80
The ability to do strength performances quickly ( power= strength x speed )
Power
58 of 80
To gradually increase the amount of overload so that fitness gains occur, but without potential for injury
Progressive overload
59 of 80
The between the presentation of a stimulus and the oneset of a movement.
Reaction time
60 of 80
The required for repair of damage to the body caused by training or competition
Recovery
61 of 80
Restoring (an injury) to its normal functioning state
Rehabilitation
62 of 80
The period of time allotted to recovery
Rest
63 of 80
Any adaptation that takes place as a consequence of training will be reversed when you stop training
Reversibility
64 of 80
Rest, ice, compression, elevation
RICE
65 of 80
A person you can aspire to, to make you into a better person. Often have qualities that we would like to have.
Role Model
66 of 80
Respect for, or a favourible opinion of oneself.
Self esteem
67 of 80
Exercise which is undertaken primarily to improve sporting activity
Skill related fitness
68 of 80
Specific, measurable, achievable, realistic, time bound
SMART
69 of 80
May be based on a persons income, education, and occupation.
Socio economic status
70 of 80
Classification of body types
Somato type
71 of 80
Matching training to the requirements of an activity
Specificity
72 of 80
The different rate at which an individual is able to perform a movement or cover a distance in a period of time
Speed
73 of 80
Drugs that have an effect on the central nervous system, such as increase mental or physical alertness
Stimulants
74 of 80
The volume of blood pumped out of the heart by each ventricle during one contraction
Stroke volume
75 of 80
The range within which an individual needs to work for aerobic training to take place. (60 to 80 percent of maximum heart rate)
Target zone
76 of 80
A tissue that joins muscle to bone.
Tendons
77 of 80
A well planned programme which uses scientific principles to improve performance
Training
78 of 80
The boundaries of a target zone
Training threshold
79 of 80
Weighing less than is normal, healthy or required.
Underweight
80 of 80

Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Aesthetic appreciation

Back

To be able to see the beauty in performance

Card 3

Front

Agility

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Anabolic steriods

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Anaerobic

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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