PATTERNS OF CRIME AND DEVIANCE: ETHNICITY

  • Created by: Ciara_T
  • Created on: 07-04-18 19:23
PRISON STATS
Black:2.8% of UK pop - and 13.5% of prison pop // Asian: 4.7% but 5.4% of prison / White under-represented
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NIGHTINGALE
Paradox of Inclusion: like s.theory, young black males are socially further away after committing crimes
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PARK (FUNC)
Host Immigration Model (conflict of vals and norms)
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PARK CRITICISMS (SPENCE ET AL)
brits do not let E.Europeans into their 'circles'
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MARXIST GENERAL BELIEF
capitalism = racism = crime // Reserve Army of Labour - when fired = crime // Cap relies on uncon racism for it to be allowed
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CASTLES AND KOSACK (MARX)
cap uses racism to justify low wages // white w.class blame EM for unemo etc - Crime way of resisting racism (as victims)
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ABBAS
Islamphobia made Asian crime and violence worse and will continue to do so
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DESAI
+ Asian crime due to + young Asian males standing in up for fam and com when they used to be afraid too
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REALIST VIEWS - LEFT
crime is from relative dep, marg and subcults - EMs more like to experience these things
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REALIST VIEWS - RIGHT
Murray beleived Ems were culturally crim prone - linked to bad parenting and lazy to work
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ARGUMENT #2: EM CRIME MIS-REP BY STATS
//
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INSTITUTIONAL RACISM
may be treateed differently by the crim justice sys e.g. Stephen Lawrence - if so, evidence of EM crim is misrepresented - inaccurate portrayal
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PHILLIPS & BOWLING
Ethnic neighbourhoods can be over policed
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HOOD
courts tend to give black men more and longer sentences for the same offences as white men
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LABELLING OF MINORITIES
e.g. Hall's Policing the Crisis // labelled as crims to suit the needs of cap societies - exaggerates their criminality and distorts public perception
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ALEXANDER
(linked to moral panics) No actual organised Asian gangs; just youths, locals and individuals
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FITZGERALD ET ALL (interviews and stat data)
Black people not more criminal, just a larger proportion of young black males in London - motivated by the same things as any other gang
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(CONCLUSION) GILROY
THE BLACK CRIMINALITY MYTH - form of political resistance // riots form black criminality, negative stereotyping and prejudice from the police
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COUNTER EVAL: LEA AND YOUNG
most crimes reported by public - so not police racist // selective racism (Black> Asian) Stats show first-gen immigrants were law-abiding
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

NIGHTINGALE

Back

Paradox of Inclusion: like s.theory, young black males are socially further away after committing crimes

Card 3

Front

PARK (FUNC)

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

PARK CRITICISMS (SPENCE ET AL)

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

MARXIST GENERAL BELIEF

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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