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AIMS AND OBJECTIVES
By the end of the lesson you should :-
Be able to understand the difference between
the terms `crime' and `deviance'.
Be able to discuss the function/s of crime in
society
Have an understanding and be able to explain
the terms `labelling' and `stereotyping' and
their association with crime and deviance in
sociology.
Be able to review and discuss the effects of
media amplification with regard to crime
reporting.…read more

Slide 3

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CRIME AND DEVIANCE
Welcome to the `whistle stop tour' of Crime and
Deviance!
The A2 Sociology module covers the following areas:-
- Theories on Crime and Deviance
- Social distribution of crime
- Globalisation and crime
- Green Crime and State Crime
- Mass Media and crime
- Crime control, prevention and
punishment
- The role of the Criminal Justice System (brief)
- The Sociology of suicide
- Crime and research methods…read more

Slide 4

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WHAT IS CRIME ?
WHAT IS DEVIANCE?
Crime is behaviour that breaks the formal
written laws of society (formal deviancy)
Deviance is behaviour that goes against the
norms of society (informal deviancy)
A `norm' is a very common pattern of
behaviour in society ­ an approved way of
behaving
`Crimes are those actions deemed so
disturbing to citizens or disruptive to society
as to justify state intervention' (Pease, 2002)
Paired Activity…read more

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CRIME AND DEVIANCE
Emile Durkheim (1938) (French Sociologist)
Crime is :-
1. Inevitable ­ crime will always exist
2. Universal ­ exists in every society
3. Relative ­ what is seen as criminal behaviour
varies from society to society and over time
4. Functional ­ a limited amount of crime and
deviance can actually benefit a society as the
experience of crime strengthens bonds between
people
DVD ­ Functions of crime…read more

Slide 6

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WHAT DO SOCIOLOGISTS THINK?
Sociologists consider `crime and deviance' to be a
social construct.
What is this?
Something that is defined by society and that changes
according to time and place, e.g. Crime stats
So, WHO are the criminals?
What is a CRIMINOLOGIST?
SOME Criminologists accept that official crime
statistics compiled from court and police records,
which show that most criminals are young, working-
class males.
However, if you were to visit a typical prison in the
UK you would find these individuals would be the
`typical' prisoners.
There would also be a disproportionate number of
Afro-Caribbean prisoners.…read more

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