Ontological basics

What is an a posteriori argument?
Arguments which draw conclusions based on observation through experience
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What are a priori aguments?
Arguments which draw conclusions through the use of reason
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What is a predicate
term which describes a distinctive characteristic of something
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What's an epistemic distance?
A distance in knowledge and understanding
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Whats a logical fallacy
reasoning that has a flaw in it's structure
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What does Anselm conclude in each of his arguments?
God must be real and he must have a necessary existence
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What is an analytic statement and give an example?
'bachelors and unmarried men'- concept of the bachelor involves the concept of being unmarried and so we don't have to test it
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What is a synthetic statement giving an example?
'The corner shop sells newspapers'- this adds something to our understanding beyond the definition of the word
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What does Anselm argue is an analytic statement?
'God exists'- because existence is part of the concept of God- he makes reference to Pslam 53:1
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Quote Psalm 53:1
"why, then, did the fool say in his heart 'God is not', since it is so obvious to the rational mind that you exist supremely above all things"
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What are a priori aguments?

Back

Arguments which draw conclusions through the use of reason

Card 3

Front

What is a predicate

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What's an epistemic distance?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Whats a logical fallacy

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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