Offender Profiling - Typology Approach

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characteristics of an organised offender
Above average IQ, sexually socially competent, crime scene shows careful planning and has a targeted victim.
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characteristics of an disorganised offender
Below average IQ, sexually and socially inadequate, crime scene shows no signs of careful planning, any weapon found is presumed the weapon used in the attack eg:a rock or knife, victim is randomly selected.
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One criticism of methodology/sample
The approach is based on a sample of 36 offenders- too small to generalise
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Is it easy to classify offenders into categories?
Wilson et al argues that it's too simplistic because 2 classifications don't accurately justify the complex behaviour of the offender; many offenders will have characteristics of both and won't be clear cut.
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Subjective or objective?
Subjective because categorisation relies on opinions of the crime scene so opinions differ and this may mislead investigators.
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Reductionist approach? Where else can it be applied to?
Limited to only violent crimes, so neglects petty theft or burglaries, unlike geographical.
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Can it be used in multiple and singular offences?
Yes, it can be used in multiple and singular offences/one off crimes whereas geographical can only be used in multiple offences due to the nature of the method.
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Useful applications?
Challenges stereotypes; Clarke and Morley interviewed 41 convicted rapists and found contrary to the stereotype, they lived in normal family environments and often in skilled employment.
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Card 2

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characteristics of an disorganised offender

Back

Below average IQ, sexually and socially inadequate, crime scene shows no signs of careful planning, any weapon found is presumed the weapon used in the attack eg:a rock or knife, victim is randomly selected.

Card 3

Front

One criticism of methodology/sample

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Is it easy to classify offenders into categories?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Subjective or objective?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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