Occupational revision - other side

Motivation is made up of three components which are direction, effort & persistence
Arnold et al (2016)
1 of 16
Hierarchy of Needs - Hierarchy - needs appear in a certain order, lower-level needs must be satisfied before higher-level needs are addressed. Limitations - higher needs can be achieved before lower needs
Maslow (1943)
2 of 16
ERG theory - took Maslow's theory & took it one step further. principle is the same, in that after lower level needs are satisfied, the individual seeks higher needs. However, acknowledged the limitation - motivated by needs more than 1 at a time
Alderfer (1969)
3 of 16
two factor theory - focuses on outcomes that lead to higher motivation & job satisfaction, that those outcomes that can prevent dissatisfaction. Unsatisfied hygiene needs create dissatisfaction; satisfaction of hygiene does not lead to motivation
Herzberg (1959)
4 of 16
achievement need theory - Different things will motivate different people. Everybody has 3 basic needs, but not to the same extent
McClelland (1961)
5 of 16
Theory X & Theory Y - There are 2 different assumptions that managers have on how they view employees, & how they adapt their managerial style based on their assumptions of employees. Theory X and Theory Y
McGregor (1960)
6 of 16
expectancy theory - This theory assumes that motivation will depend on three factors - Valence, instrumentality, expectancy. Give score then x. Multiplication so all would have to have higher than 0 for individual to be motivated to achieve the goal
Vroom (1964)
7 of 16
goal setting theory - 4 goal setting theory conditions and goals should also be SMART. By setting goals that have these characteristics, they are more likely to be attained.
Locke (1968)
8 of 16
equity theory - Focuses on people's perceptions of the fairness (or lack of) of their work outcomes in proportion to their work inputs. A relative outcome to input ratio comparison to oneself or to another person perceived as similar to oneself.
Adam (1963)
9 of 16
Motivation matters. showed that the motivation to develop new products is a stronger predictor of companies' success in doing so than the capabilities of staff
Zhao & Chadwick (2014)
10 of 16
Activities designed to increase the amount of information which employees receive about their organisation & to provide them with the opportunity to contribute to decisions - thereby increasing their commitment to the organisation's success.
Employee Involvement (EI)
11 of 16
o Scientific management - Job simplification; Job specialisation; Time and motion studies. o Job enlargement o Job enrichment
Early approaches:
12 of 16
aims to identify characteristics that make jobs intrinsically motivating and the consequences of those characteristics.
The Job Characteristics Theory
13 of 16
o Scientific management - Job simplification; Job specialisation; Time and motion studies. o Job enlargement o Job enrichment
Early approaches:
14 of 16
aims to identify characteristics that make jobs intrinsically motivating and the consequences of those characteristics.
The Job Characteristics Theory
15 of 16
Five 'Core Job Dimensions'
Hackman & Oldham (1980)
16 of 16

Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Hierarchy of Needs - Hierarchy - needs appear in a certain order, lower-level needs must be satisfied before higher-level needs are addressed. Limitations - higher needs can be achieved before lower needs

Back

Maslow (1943)

Card 3

Front

ERG theory - took Maslow's theory & took it one step further. principle is the same, in that after lower level needs are satisfied, the individual seeks higher needs. However, acknowledged the limitation - motivated by needs more than 1 at a time

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

two factor theory - focuses on outcomes that lead to higher motivation & job satisfaction, that those outcomes that can prevent dissatisfaction. Unsatisfied hygiene needs create dissatisfaction; satisfaction of hygiene does not lead to motivation

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

achievement need theory - Different things will motivate different people. Everybody has 3 basic needs, but not to the same extent

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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