Observations

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1. Why does the risk of going native cause issues with regards to participant observation?

  • May not be able to provide any data at all
  • Because loyalty to a group or fear of reprisal may lead the sociologist to conceal information.
  • May lead to the sociologist becoming too objective
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2. What are the advantages of overt observations?

  • Allows researcher to gain insights through asking questions only an insider would need to ask and use interview methods to check insights derived from observations.
  • Observer can take notes openly, ask naive questions that only an outsider could ask and use interview methods to check insights derived from observations.
  • The observer can go native

3. What are the disadvantages of overt observations?

  • Group may refuse researcher permission and cause hawthorne effect.
  • Researcher may cause hawthorne effect and engage in illegal activity.

4. What are the disadvantages of covert observations?

  • Cant combine other reserch methods,requires researcher to keep up an act and may risk engaging in illegal activity
  • May cause researcher to go native, keep up an act and reduce risk of altering people's behaviour.

5. Why is participant observation argued to be valid?

  • Because you can gain rich qualative data that provides a picture of how someone really lives.
  • Because you can gain rich quantative data of how someone really lives.

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