Observations

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1. Why are participant observations argued to be flexible?

  • Because the sociologist can enter the situation with an open mind and discover things the researcher may miss.
  • Because the researcher can go native allowing them to find things they miss from other research methods.
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2. What are the disadvantages of covert observations?

  • Cant combine other reserch methods,requires researcher to keep up an act and may risk engaging in illegal activity
  • May cause researcher to go native, keep up an act and reduce risk of altering people's behaviour.

3. Name one practical disadvantage participant observation can cause.

  • Can take too little time
  • Can be time consuming
  • Can be too valid

4. Why are participant observations argued to be invalid?

  • Because findings are often too subjective and impressions gained from observer are often biased.
  • Findings are often objective and impresssions gained from observer are often biased.

5. What are the disadvantages of overt observations?

  • Group may refuse researcher permission and cause hawthorne effect.
  • Researcher may cause hawthorne effect and engage in illegal activity.

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