types of observations

Non- participant observations: when the researcher observes the group or event without taking part in it.

Participant observations: this is when the researcher takes part in a group whilst observing others

Overt observations: this is when the sociologists is open about what they are doing and makes their true identity and purpose known. 

Covert observations: this is when the sociologist carries out research under cover, often taking on false identification and role to conceal their true purpose from participants. 

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