Music General terms

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anacrusis/upbeat
an unaccented beat at the the start of a phrase e.g. 'the first noel'
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Chorus number
a piece in a musical sung by the whole cast
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Concerto
piece for soloist and orchestra
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Hook
a short,memorable bit of tune
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Libretto
words of an opera/oratorio
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Leit motif
A recurring musical theme associated with a person,place or idea.Often used in film music where characters have their own leitmotif
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MIDI (musical instrument digital interface)
A way of connecting different electronic instruments
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Motif
A little bit of music that is often repeated
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Recitative
A song performed in operas,oratorios and cantatas. Tells the story
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Syncopation
Throwing the stress from the beat to the offbeat.
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Tritone
interval of 3 tones
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Walking bass
Bass part usually in crotchets that moves in step or in arpeggios
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Waltz
Dance in 3 time with pom cha cha rhythm
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Improvisation
music made up on the spot.Used in Jazz
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Call and response
Short melody, followed by an answering phrase. Popular in African music and blues
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Break
improvised solo that links phrases in jazz and pop music
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Cadenza
Unaccompanied section for a soloist in a concerto to show off their technique
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Word painting
Music depicting words in text and matches/describes the action
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melisma/melismatic writing
singing several different notes to one syllable. ‘Ding dong merrily’ or ‘gloooooria’
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Syllabic
Each syllable matches a note eg. ’God save the queen’
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Descant
A decorative line sung above the main melody e.g. sing choirs of angels
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Counter melody
A new melody played or sung at the same time as the tune. ‘oom pah pah'
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Chorus number

Back

a piece in a musical sung by the whole cast

Card 3

Front

Concerto

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Hook

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Libretto

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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