Music for a While - Henry Purcell GCSE Music 9-1

  • Created by: lulu.f2
  • Created on: 05-09-17 12:49
Who was Henry Purcell?
An English Baroque composer and is widely recognized as being one of the most influential English composers throughout the history of music
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What is Henry Purcell best known for?
Writing the opera Dido and Aeneas
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What is Music for a While?
An Aria
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What was Music for a While written for?
Music for a while is the second of four movements written as incidental music for John Dryden's play based on the story of Sophocles' Oedipus
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Where does the Oedipus legend come from?
Greek mythology and is a tragic story of the title character killing his father to marry his mother before committing suicide
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What happens during the music in the play?
It is the music which calms Alecto until she drops her whip and the snakes fall from her head
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What instruments was Music for a while written for?
Voice (usually tenor) and continuo
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What instruments are used in this recording?
Soprano, harpsichord, lute and bass viol
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What is a bass Viol?
A bowed fretted stringed instrument used in the Renaissance and Baroque Periods
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The vocal line is mainly S_______
Syllabic
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What is word painting?
Is the technique of writing music that reflects the literal meaning of the song
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Are the leaps in the music big or small?
Any leaps are small and generally no greater than a perfect 4th
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What are used to break up phrases?
Rests
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What is used extensively in the the soprano line and the RH of the harpsichord?
Ornaments eg, trills, appoggiaturas, grace notes, upper mordents and lower mordents
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What structure does the piece follow?
Ground bass
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What is a ground bass?
A short recurring melodic pattern in the bass part which acts as the principal structure element why the melody changes above it
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Name some feature of the ground bass in Music for a While?
It is 3 bars in length, consists only of quaver rhythms , it makes used of semitone intervals
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What texture does the piece have?
Homophonic- melody and accompaniment
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What provides the accompaniment?
The ground bass in LH of harpsichord and the bass viol
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What provides the counterpoint with the vocal line?
RH harpsichord
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What key is the piece in?
A minor
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Why is the tonality ambiguous?
Because of the chromatic and non-diatonic nature of the ground bass
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How would the chords be described?
Diatonic ad functional
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What is he tempo of the piece?
There is not tempo indication but a slow tempo would be apporpriate
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What is the time signature?
4/4 quadruple time
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Would the harpsichord be notated or impov?
The RH impov and the LH notated
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What is Henry Purcell best known for?

Back

Writing the opera Dido and Aeneas

Card 3

Front

What is Music for a While?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What was Music for a While written for?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Where does the Oedipus legend come from?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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