Henry Purcell's Music for a while 1692

  • Created by: 16wrighte
  • Created on: 18-05-19 10:58
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  • Music for a While - Henry Purcell
    • Dynamics
      • Baroque instruments have small dynamic range
        • Uses some crescendo's and diminuendo's in vocal part for phrasing
    • Rhythm and Tempo and Metre
      • No tempo marking, but slow
      • 4/4 simple quadruple time
      • quavers and semi quavers are the most prominent rhythms
      • occasional dotted rhythms bar 10
      • syncopation bar 20 and 24
      • ground bass only quavers
    • Structure
      • ground bass - harpsichord
        • 3 bar repeated rising arpeggio pattern
      • Ternary form
        • repeated A section is not identical
          • A - Bar 1-15   B - Bar 16-29 A - Bar 29-38
    • Melody
      • soprano range - 9th
      • Mostly conjunct
      • passing notes Bar 5
      • no leaps greater than a 4th - bar 7
      • Rests break up phrases bar 11
      • descending sequences bar 20
      • Extensive ornamentation
        • trills
          • mordants
            • Grace notes
              • appoggiatura's
    • Instrumentation
      • Written for voice and basso continou
      • Incidental music
        • secular music
      • aria from 2nd movement of Oedipus
    • Texture
      • melody dominated homophony throughout
      • accompaniment is ground bass which is the Harpsichord
      • Harpsichord provides counterpoint with vocal line
    • Harmony
      • Minor key
        • Some ambiguity due to harpsichord
      • modulates to related keys:
        • E minor Bar 14
          • G major Bar 16
            • C major bar 21
              • A minor Bar 23
      • chords are diatonic
        • Perfect cadences are used to confirm modulations
          • Bar 14
          • Bar 16
          • Bar 21
          • Bar 23

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