Purcell - Music for a While

What were the approximate dates of the Baroque period?
1600 - 1750
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Summaries the key features of the legend of Oedipus:
- left as a baby on a hillside, raised by king, kills father, marries mother (as predicted before birth), finds out truth, Oedipus blinds himself, goes into exile with only his daughter
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What is a ground bass?
a short tune which is usually played in the bass which is repeated throughout the piece
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What are the usual features of the ground bass?
minor key, straight forward rhythm, slow and steady tempo, ends with a perfect cadence
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What is an aria?
a song or tune sung by a single voice without accompaniment
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What is a harpsichord?
an early stringed instrument that produces sound by plucking stings with quills
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What is an arpeggiated chord?
broken /spread chord
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What is a binary chord?
a musical form in two related sections, AB or AABB
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What is ternary form?
organises music into 3 sections, ABA
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What is a lament?
A song with a sorrowful mood, often slow and minor key
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What is a counter-tenor?
the highest male singing voice, often falsetto
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What is a soprano?
The highest singing voice or an instrument that has the highest pitch in its family
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What is a mezzo soprano?
A female singer with a voice pitched between soprano and contralto
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What is an alto (or contralto)?
A lower female singing voice
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What are chromatic notes?
Twelve pitches, each a semitone above or below the other
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What is syllabic word setting?
A single syllable to each word
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Mellismatic word setting?
A single note that is stretched over several syllables
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What is word painting?
the technique of writing music that reflects the literal meaning of a song/its lyrics
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What is figured bass?
A bass line with intended harmonies indicated by figures rather than chords
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What is suspension?
A way of creating tension n by prolonging a constant note whilst the underlying harmony changes
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What are dissonant intervals?
minor intervals that clash with the melody
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What is Tiece de Picardie?
A major third in the final chord of a piece in a minor key (creates a mj chord in a mn key piece)
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What is onomatopoeic?
sounds that can be written out
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What is Da capo Aria?
In ABA form, final section ornamented by the singer (final A section)
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

- left as a baby on a hillside, raised by king, kills father, marries mother (as predicted before birth), finds out truth, Oedipus blinds himself, goes into exile with only his daughter

Back

Summaries the key features of the legend of Oedipus:

Card 3

Front

a short tune which is usually played in the bass which is repeated throughout the piece

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

minor key, straight forward rhythm, slow and steady tempo, ends with a perfect cadence

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

a song or tune sung by a single voice without accompaniment

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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