GCSE Edexcel Music 9-1 - AoS2 Purcell

Questions on Henry Purcell's 'Music For A While' from AoS 2 for GCSE Edexcel Music 2018. (including background, dynamics, rhythm, texture, structure, melody, instruments, tonality and harmony.)

  • Created by: Spikettee
  • Created on: 30-05-18 18:09
When was 'Music For A While' composed, and by whom?
1692 (Baroque Period), by Henry Purcell
1 of 22
What type of music is this?
inceidental music - an aria for a play, in the style of a lament
2 of 22
What play is it from?
John Dryden's 'Oedipus', about a Greek myth
3 of 22
What happens in the play during this song?
an attempt to raise King Laius' ghost, and the Fury, Alecto, is being calmed (she taunts Oedipus for killing his father)
4 of 22
What did Purcell compose and sing?
theatre music, sacred and secular, court odes, 40 plays, 6 operas (often for countertenor)
5 of 22
DYNAMICS
no markings; left to performers
6 of 22
TEMPO
none specified but nature of lyrics suggests a slow tempo
7 of 22
METRE
4/4 simple quadruple
8 of 22
RHYTHM
synocpation, tied notes & dotted rythms, vocals follow natural rhythm of words
9 of 22
TEXTURE
melody-dominated homophony with short sections of imitation, sometimes counterpoint
10 of 22
STRUCTURE - general
ABA' ternary form, or rounded binary. A='music...bands'(1-21), B='drop'(22-28), A='music'...end(38)
11 of 22
STRUCTURE - ground bass
3 bars of asc chromatic sequences based on rising 5ths and falling 6ths, from A-E in a perfect cadence
12 of 22
How does the ground bass create contrast?
It changes in 14 then resumes in 29. It forms contrast with the desc vocal line (contrary motion)
13 of 22
What note values make up the ground bass?
quavers - an example of a walking bass line in Baroque
14 of 22
MELODY
mostly syllabic, passing notes, rests, over an octave range, bass & vocals don't always end together
15 of 22
MELODY - ornaments
mordent (11), appoggiatura (5), slide (6), trill (13), arpeggiation (38)
16 of 22
MELODY - word painting
'wond'ring' (11), 'pains...eas'd' (12,13), 'eternal' (20), 'drop' (23-25), 'dead' (17-28)
17 of 22
INSTURMENTS
solo soprano; bass viol (D,G,C,E,A,D); harpsichord - LH=ground bass, RH=elaborate realisation
18 of 22
TONALITY
transposed from Cm to Am, but sometimes ambiguous; moduations confirmed by perfect cadences (eg: 'bands')
19 of 22
TONALITY - modulations
to related keys: Em, G, C, A, Am
20 of 22
HARMONY - chromatic variation
accidentals, false relations (eg: F and F# bar4), augmented & diminshed chords, passing notes and suspension in vocals (eg:'Alecto')
21 of 22
HARMONY - general
mainly root position triads and 1st inversions, Tierce de Picardie (bar23) - changes from E to A major, not Am
22 of 22

Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What type of music is this?

Back

inceidental music - an aria for a play, in the style of a lament

Card 3

Front

What play is it from?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What happens in the play during this song?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

What did Purcell compose and sing?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
View more cards

Comments

No comments have yet been made

Similar Music resources:

See all Music resources »See all AoS 2 Henry Purcell - Music For A While resources »