Montserrat Volcanic Eruption

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Montserrat Location
Small island, part of the Caribbean and in the Caribbean Sea, makes up part of the Volcanic Arc, the South of the island holds the Capital Plymouth, 1997 onward in the Soufrei Hills in the South of island.
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Causes
Caused by the subduction of the Atlantic and Caribbean plates, rock above the magma chamber collapsed, allowing magma to rise up.
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Primary effects
(En)- the coral reefs were destroyed by the pyroclastic flow going into the sea, destroyed tropical trees and crops, (Ec.)- businesses were destroyed, (So)- 8000/12000 people left and didn't return, 20 villages were destroyed, (Po)- South off limits.
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Secondary effects
(En)- 2/3 of the island was under ash, coral life destroyed, (Ec)- no tourism or sugar crop farming - both are main industries, (So)- major disruption, schools closed and hospitals were overcrowded, (Po)- Capital was moved to the North.
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Short term responses
Emergency aid, airport was forced to close, UK sent £17 million in aid.
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Long term response
MVO was set up (Montserrat Volcano Observatory) to monitor tectonic activity, UK gave £40 million to develop the North, a risk map was implemented.
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Card 2

Front

Causes

Back

Caused by the subduction of the Atlantic and Caribbean plates, rock above the magma chamber collapsed, allowing magma to rise up.

Card 3

Front

Primary effects

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Secondary effects

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Short term responses

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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