Montserrat case study

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Montserrat fact file

Where: Montserrat is a small island,in the Carribean sea

When June 25th 1997( Small eruptions started in july 1995

Cause

  • destructive plate boundary, where the atlantic plate is forced under the caribbean plate.
  • the magma rose up through weak points under the soufriere hills forming an underground pool of magma. 
  • The rock above the pool collapsed,opening a vent and causing an eruption. 

Size of eruption  Large-4.5 million m of rocks and gas released.

death toll: 19 killed


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Volcanic Eruption: Montserrat-effects

Primary effects:

  • 19 people died and 7 people injured
  • large areas were covered in volcanic material- the capital of Plymouth was buried under 12m of mud and ash. 
  • over 20 villages and two thirds of the island were destroyed by pyroclastic flows.

secondary effects:

  • volcanic ash from the eruption has improved soil fertility.
  • Population decline-8000 of the islands inhabitants have left since the eruptions began in 1995. 
  • Tourism on the island is now increasing as people go to see the volcano

short-term respons (immediate):

  • people were evacuated form the south to safe areas in the north.
  • The UK provided £17 million of emergency aid (Montserrat's an overseas territory of the UK.
  • temporay infrastruture was also built, e.g roads and electricity supplies.

Long-term response

  • The Montserrat Volcano observatory has been set up to try and predict future eruptions.
  • set up exclusion zone ( places where you cannot go)


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Volcanic eruption;Montserrat- Responses

short-term respons (immediate):

  • people were evacuated form the south to safe areas in the north.
  • The UK provided £17 million of emergency aid (Montserrat's an overseas territory of the UK.
  • temporay infrastruture was also built, e.g roads and electricity supplies.

Long-term response

  • The Montserrat Volcano observatory has been set up to try and predict future eruptions.
  • set up exclusion zone ( places where you cannot go)
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Comments

Sakshi Karanjkar

incredibaly detailed resource thankyou 

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