Minerals

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Rich food sources of iron
Dark chocolate, red meat, dried apricots
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Function of iron in the diet
Helps to make red blood cells, which carry oxygen around the body
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Deficiency disease of iron
Anaemia
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Which vitamin does iron have an inter relationship with?
Vitamin C
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Rich food sources of calcium
Dairy products, green leafy vegetables, salmon, sardines
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Function of calcium in the diet
1. Helps build strong bones and teeth 2. Regulates muscle contractions, including heartbeat 3. Ensures blood clots normally
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Deficiency disease of calcium
1. Osteoporosis 2. Rickets
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Which vitamin does calcium have an inter relationship with?
Vitamin D
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Rich food sources of phosphorous
Lentils, fish, meat, cheese, eggs
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Function of phosphorous in the diet
1. Helps build strong bones and teeth 2. Helps release energy from food
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Deficiency disease of phosphorous
Taking high doses of phosphorous tablets in a short amount of time can cause stomach pain. Taking high doses for a long time can reduce amount of calcium in body (bones more likely to fracture)
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Rich food sources of fluoride
Toothpaste, vegetables, meat, fish, eggs
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Function of fluoride in the diet
Contributes to tooth and bone health
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Deficiency disease of fluoride
1. Tooth decay 2. Dental cavities
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Rich food sources of sodium chloride (salt)
Bacon, crisps, nuts, cheese, canned soup
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Function of salt in the diet
Maintains the correct balance of certain fluids which in the cells in our bodies, which is essential for nerve and muscle function
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Deficiency disease of salt
Too much salt can lead to high blood pressure
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Rich food sources of potassium
Spinach, banana
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Function of potassium in the diet
Controls body fluids and helps to lower blood pressure
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Deficiency disease of potassium
Reduced kidney function and an inability to break down proteins
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Rich food sources of iodine
Fresh milk, fish, egg, tomato
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Function of iodine in diet
Essential for the production of thyroid hormones that regulate growth and metabolism
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Deficiency disease of iodine
1. Cretinism (retarded brain development in children) 2. Goitre (swelling of thyroid gland in neck)
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Function of iron in the diet

Back

Helps to make red blood cells, which carry oxygen around the body

Card 3

Front

Deficiency disease of iron

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Which vitamin does iron have an inter relationship with?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Rich food sources of calcium

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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