Milgram- Aims and Context

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How can Milgram's research be placed in historical context?
After WW2 psychologists were keen to prevent events such as the Holocaust from happening again. Was such brutality simply a product of evil minds or was this behaviour carried out by ordinary people?
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Was was the quote Milgram stated to place the study in historical context?
'These inhumane policies such as the death camps may have originated in the mind of a single person, but they could only be carried out on a massive scale if a very large number of persons obeyed orders.'
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Why was it believed that the Holocaust happened?
People believed that 'Germans are different' and that they have 'authoritarian personalities'.
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Who was Adorno (1950)?
He suggested that people with authoritarian personalities are intolerant and hostile towards those that they see as inferior i.e jews. They would also be extreamly obidient to those that they see as superior. This is a result of harsh upbringing.
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Who was Arendt (1963)?
Case study of Eichmann- the nazi responsible for 'final solution' & overseeing 6 million deaths of jews His trial for war crimes in 1961 revealed he wasn't evil or sadistic but 'terrifyingly normal' and just obeying orders from Himmler, his superior.
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What were Milgram's aims?
1) To find out, in a controlled setting, whether people would obey authority, even when the command involves destructive behaviour. 2) To test the hypothesis that 'Germans are different' and that their personalities led to the Holocaust.
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Was was the quote Milgram stated to place the study in historical context?

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'These inhumane policies such as the death camps may have originated in the mind of a single person, but they could only be carried out on a massive scale if a very large number of persons obeyed orders.'

Card 3

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Why was it believed that the Holocaust happened?

Back

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Card 4

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Who was Adorno (1950)?

Back

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Card 5

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Who was Arendt (1963)?

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