Memory - A01 & A02 - Fisher and Geiselman (1992)

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What did Fisher and Geiselman (1992) study?
The cognitive interview
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What did Fisher and Geilseman (1992) do?
Reviewed relevant psychological literature on memory, and related this to the way the interview were carried out by the police in real life.
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What did Fisher and Geilseman (1992) find?
People remember events better when they are provided with retrieval cues.
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The 4 steps of the cognitive interview - Outline 'Context reinstatement' (CR)
mentally reinstate the cintext of the target event. Recall the scene, the weather, what you were thinking and feeling at the time, the preceding events etc.
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The 4 steps of the cognitive interview - Outline 'Report everything' (RE)
Report every detial you can recall even if it seems trivial.
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The 4 steps of the cognitiveinterview - Outline 'Recall in reverse order' (RO)
Report the episode in several different temporal orders moving backwards and forward in time.
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The 4 steps of the cognitive interview - Outline 'Recall from changed perspective' (CP)
try to describe the episode as it would have been seen from different viewpoints, not just your own.
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A strength to Fisher and Geiselman (1992) cognitvie interview (CI)
A cognitvie interview is effective. Kohnken et al. (1999) conducted a meta - analysis of 53 studies found, on average, an increase of 34% in the amout of correct information generated in the CI compared with standrad intervewing techniques.
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What does Kohnken et al. (1999) strength to Fisher and Geiselman (1992) CI suggest/show?
That the cogntivie interview is effectvie compared to other interviewing techniques, making it reliable to use.
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A limitation to Fisher and Geiselman (1992) cognitive interview.
The interview takes up alot of time. Police officers suggest that this technique requires more time than is often available.
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What does this limitation to Fisher and Geiselman (1992) cognitvie interview suggest/show
That the cognitive interview may not be as usfull in real life because of the amount of time it takes for police.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

What did Fisher and Geilseman (1992) do?

Back

Reviewed relevant psychological literature on memory, and related this to the way the interview were carried out by the police in real life.

Card 3

Front

What did Fisher and Geilseman (1992) find?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

The 4 steps of the cognitive interview - Outline 'Context reinstatement' (CR)

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

The 4 steps of the cognitive interview - Outline 'Report everything' (RE)

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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