Memory Key Concepts and Names

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  • Memory Key Concepts and Names
    • Capacity
      • George Miller (1956)
        • 7 +/- 2 Pieces of relevant information
        • After reviewing different experiments
      • Simon (1974)
        • Size of the Chunks matters
          • Cowan (2001)
            • 4 chunks rather than 7
            • Real world app- Postcodes
    • Encoding
      • Baddeley 1966 -   Acoustically similar words good for LTM          - Semantically similar good for STM
      • LTM Semantic STM Acoustic or Visual
    • Duration
      • LTM (potentially unlimited)
      • STM measured in seconds
    • Memory Strucure
      • Working Memory Model
        • Baddeley and Hitch 1974
        • Explains word length effect
          • Baddeley    Et al
        • Supported by KF case study
        • Issue is its central executive is to vague
      • Multi Store Model
        • Atkinson and Shiffrin 1968
        • Sensory Memory Sperling Evidence
        • HM case study supports it
        • Over simplified
        • KF case study suggests it is wrong
    • EWT
      • Loftus and Palmer (1974)
        • Misleading info study (car crash)
          • EXP 1/2 changed verbs from 'hit' to see the effects
      • Age of witness (Yarmey) 1993
      • Effects of Delay (Memon et al) 2003
      • Own age bias (Anastasi + Rhodes)
      • Yerke's -Dodson's Law (Arousal Chart)
        • Defenbacher (Anxiety)
    • Cognitive Interview
      • Geiselman + Fisher (1992)
    • Memory Imporvement
      • Mnemonics used to help down sydrome
        • Broadly + Macdonald

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