Mechanism definitions

Addition
Two molecules join together to form a single product. Involves breaking a double bond.
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Elimination/Dehydration
Removal of a functional group which is released as part of a small molecule. Often a double bond is formed.
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Substitution
A functional group on a molecule is swapped for a new one.
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Condensation
Two molecules join together with the loss of a small molecule.
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Hydrolysis
Water is used to split apart a molecule, creating two smaller ones. Opposite of condensation.
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Oxidation
Loss of electrons. Often means gaining an oxygen or losing a hydrogen.
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Reduction
Gain of electrons. Often means gaining a hydrogen or losing an oxygen.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Elimination/Dehydration

Back

Removal of a functional group which is released as part of a small molecule. Often a double bond is formed.

Card 3

Front

Substitution

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Condensation

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Hydrolysis

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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