Mass Media: Cultural Effects Theory: GUMG

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1. Where did Curran state that it was most obvious that popular tabloid newspapers were guilty of ideological practices?

  • coverage of entertainment issues
  • coverage of serious issues
  • coverage of everything
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2. Who found that varied audience groups do have a very clear understanding of the intended ideological message found in media content and a section of that audience often accurately reproduce it in terms of their own attitudes?

  • Philo
  • GUMG
  • Curran

3. What did the GUMG study?

  • Miner's strike
  • Immigrants
  • Afro Caribbean males

4. Who stated that the Cultural Effects Model needs to be dynamic and account for the fact that people may internalise/reject media messages based on their personal experiences?

  • Philo
  • Curran
  • GUMG

5. The GUMG uncovered the following (all correct)

  • however, some members of the audience rejected the ideological message although these tended to be in the minority
  • people sympathetic to miners cause were weakened in their support by what they saw on the news
  • sample quickly recognised the ideological messages contained in photos that the strike was violent and miners were to blame
  • majority of sample who had not directly experienced the strike interpreted it as violent and illegitimate


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