Machinery of the Terror

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When was the Committee of General Security established?
October 1792- oversaw revolutionary justice in Paris.
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When was the Committee of Public Safety established?
April 1793- to protect France from 'internal threats'
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When was the Revolutionary Tribunal established?
March 1793- tasked with trying suspects accused of counter-revolutionary activity. 1,251 people were murdered under the Revolutionary Tribunal.
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When were the first representatives-on-mission sent out?
March 1793- initially to ensure conscription in the provinces was being met. Some focused on rooting out disloyal local officials (most reps were Jacobins). The rep Carrier authorised the slaughter of 2,000 in the Loire after the Vendee Revolt.
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When were the watch committees established?
March 1793- one for each commune- they had to monitor all suspicious individuals in their areas, as well as foreigners.
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What was the Law of 19 March, 1793?
Outlawed rebels- they could be put to death within 24 hours. 10,000-12,000 people put to death through this law.
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What was the Law of Suspects, Sept. 1793?
In response to demands from the sans-culottes: punished opposition to the revolution. 300,000 were arrested under this law.
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Who were the victims of the 'show trials' under the Law of Suspects?
Marie Antoinette (guillotined October 1793), Brissot and 21 Girondin deputies (also October)
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What was the Law of Frimaire, Dec. 1793?
Aimed to increase central control of France- made it legal for the CPS to purge local government officials.
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What was the Law of 22 Prairial, Jun. 1794?
Allowed the CPS and the Revolutionary Tribunal to send suspects to the guillotine without a trial.
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Card 2

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When was the Committee of Public Safety established?

Back

April 1793- to protect France from 'internal threats'

Card 3

Front

When was the Revolutionary Tribunal established?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

When were the first representatives-on-mission sent out?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

When were the watch committees established?

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Preview of the front of card 5
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