Stalin's Terror: the machinery of state terror and the Seventeenth Party Congress

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The machinery of state terror

  • Lenin established the Cheka in December 1917
  • From 1922 to 1934, security functions were carried out by the Department of Political Police (OGPU), who supervised a network of labour camps
  • In 1934, responsibility for internal security passed to the People's Commissariat of Internal Affairs (NKVD)
  • In 1934, labour camps were reorganised into a national network, known as Gulags

The Seventeenth Party Congress (1934)

  • The Seventeenth Party Congress was hailed as the 'Congress of Victors' and was a celebration of the successes of industrialisation
  • It…

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