Legal Authorities (CPS)

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  • Created by: lilbarc
  • Created on: 12-10-15 14:23
The Guildford Four (1975)
Miscarriage of justice: Police were racist towards irish catholics and convicted them of pub bombings. They were tortured into confession
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The Birmingham Six (1975)
Sentenced to life inprisonment for pub bombings, after the police tortured them into confession
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Judith Ward (1974)
Released from prison after being there under the conviction of bus bombings. She was talked into confession due to the police tampering with evidence and putting words into her mouth. She was mentally ill and didnt understand what was happening
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1970 Justice Report
Identified criticisms in the system. (Prosecution bias, evidence tampering and conflict of interest)
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1978 Phillips Royal Commission
Body reccommended the establishment of an independant agency to take charge of prosecuting services
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1986 Prosecution of Offences Act
Established the CPS
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s10 Prosecution of Offences Act 1986
Contains the code of practice for deciding whether or not to charge
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Kier Starmer (public interest)
It will always be in the public interest to charge assisted suicide cases
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Kay Gilderdale and Francis Inglis
2 mothers prosecuted for helping family members die in different circumstances
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Criminal Justice Act 2003
Introduction of the threshold test
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Narey Review 1987
Criticised lack of preparation of cases. Caseworkers were then trained
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Glidewell Report 1988
12% cases were being discontinued, charges were being downgraded, there were tense working relations between cps and police and there was unreliable witnesses. 13 ares split into 42, cps and criminal justice units in police stations, revised ev.code
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MacPherson Report 1999
Criticised that police were institutionally racist. Resulted in police having to have a racial equality policy
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Auld Review 2001
Reccomended the introduction of statutory charging, where the cps decides all cases exept minor ones, ensures that only cases strong enough go to court
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Abu Hamza (2006)
The police complained about how the CPS refused to prosecute
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The Public Prosecution Service - Setting the standard (2009)
By Kier Starmer (prev. DPP). Outlined aims and how to achieve them. Protecting the public and the witnesses and delivering justice. Through presenting own cases, ensuring good evidence, recovering crim assets, taking victims views into acc
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Sentenced to life inprisonment for pub bombings, after the police tortured them into confession

Back

The Birmingham Six (1975)

Card 3

Front

Released from prison after being there under the conviction of bus bombings. She was talked into confession due to the police tampering with evidence and putting words into her mouth. She was mentally ill and didnt understand what was happening

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Identified criticisms in the system. (Prosecution bias, evidence tampering and conflict of interest)

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

Body reccommended the establishment of an independant agency to take charge of prosecuting services

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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