Key Issues from all approaches (issues and debates)

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  • Created by: katie
  • Created on: 04-06-15 16:18
state the key issue: social
how can Abu Ghraib be explained?
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outline the key issue for the social approach
soldiers tortured detainees in prison. physical and sexual abuse and torture. debate over whether or not they were given instructions to do so to that extent.
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what theories and studies can be linked to social approach key issue?
agency theor/milgram: soldiers felt in agentic state: had to follow orders from superiors even though went against their moral code (moral strain). social identity theory/tajfel&turner: form in-group of soldiers. milgram & tajfel's miminal groups.
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state the key issue: cognitive
how reliable are eyewitness testimonies?
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outline the key issue for the cognitive approach
important debate because can be used to identify criminals where DNA testing isn't possible. cases where DNA testing proved the innocence of people that had been imprisoned.
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what theories and studies can be linked to cognitive approach key issue?
loftus and palmer: not reliable bc leading questions effect recall. yuille and cutshall. Bartlett's theory of reconstructive memory: recalled less of a story over time suggests EWT memory decreases over time so must be interviewed immediately
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state the key issue: criminal
how reliable are eyewitness testimonies?
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state the key issue: biological
is autism an extreme male brain condition?
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outline the key issue for the biological approach
found that autism is more common in boys than girls (10:1 ratio). autistic brains exaggerated forms of male brains: even heavier, even smaller corpus collosum, lateralise even more than boys. cause linked to testosterone: women still produce SOME.
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state the key issue: psychodynamic
why do we like horror films?
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outline the key issue for the psychodynamic approach
explanations: catharsis -Freud suggested that horror films are like the thoughts and emotions repressed by the ego. by watching films, release of these cruel/aggressive impulses. reflects society e.g. deformed characters most popular during wars
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state the key issue: learning
are token economy programmes effective?
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outline the key issue for the learning approach
in prisons, schools & mental institutions to shape behaviour.*evaluate TEP*hobbs and holt:125 young offenders, half did TEP improved behaviour. olmstead:longer periods of abstinence when prize draw entries. Rice:improved but not outside institution
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state the key issue: health
are token economies effective at treating drug addiction?
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outline the key issue for health psychology
a lot of time and money put into curing addiction using TEP. *evaluate TEP* olmstead: longer periods of abstinence when prize draw entries available
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state the key issue: clinical
how is schizophrenia perceived?
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what three things would you mention when discussing this key issue?
common misconceptions, cultural variations in diagnosis, recognising schizophrenia
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recognising schizophrenia
hard to recognise because so many symptoms belong to other disorders. some pscyologists say not its own disorder: umbrella term for symps that don't fit other disorders.
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common misconception
misconception that it is the same as multiple personality disorder but schizophrenics maintain their sense of self.
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cultural variations in diagnosis
cooper et al. found that same symptoms result in schizo in USA but manic depression in the UK. different countries understand the disorder differently
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outline the key issue for the social approach

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soldiers tortured detainees in prison. physical and sexual abuse and torture. debate over whether or not they were given instructions to do so to that extent.

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what theories and studies can be linked to social approach key issue?

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state the key issue: cognitive

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outline the key issue for the cognitive approach

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