ESSAY PLAN: Discuss explanations of institutional aggression ( 25marks) - Jan 2010

NOTE: The AQA website does not cite the JAN 2010 paper anymore. Hence, the fact the long essay question is now 9marks+16marks and no longer 25 marks. However, the long essay is still assessed in the same way despite the exam format changing. It has just clarified how much A01 and A02 marks are awarded for each response.

Hope this helps and happy revising.

 

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Bibi Masala PSYA3: Aggression
Discuss explanations
of institutional
aggression ( 25marks)
(Jan 2010)
Introduction: Define
key assumptions,
terms.
What is
institutional
aggression?
Which influence
is much greater,
the situational
forces or
personality
traits of the
individual in an
institution?
Social Psychological Methodology ­ studies (A01): Evaluation (A02):
Approach (A01)
Deprivation model Jiang and Fisher Counter-arguments:
refers to the lack of ­Giorlando(2002)
freedom, control, McCorkle: 371 American prisoners ­ found
privacy, security and Participants: 431 male prison little evidence that poor living conditions
heterosexual records in Southern states of and overcrowding increased risk of
relationships that the US. aggressive behaviour.
prisoners may Findings: Prisons with the most
experience. restrictive regimes had highest Issues
incidences of violence. - Androcentric and therefore cannot be
Conclusion: DM most valuable generalised to females.
explanation of inmate violence
towards staff. - Imposed etic and therefore cannot be
generalised to non-western cultures.
Debates
- Why do only some people react
aggressively to institution/situation? Surely
if it was the institution causing the
aggression everyone would react the same

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Bibi Masala PSYA3: Aggression
to this environment; suggesting there are
other factors involved too. There are
aspects of free will, it's not entirely
deterministic.
Importation model Jiang and Fisher Counter-argument
refers to prison inmates ­Giorlando(2002) DeLisi: link between being part of a
bringing their existing violent gang before going to prison
anti-social/aggressive Participants: 431 male prison and aggression in prison. Found no
anti-social personalities records in Southern states of
evidence that gang membership,
into the institution. the US.…read more

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Bibi Masala PSYA3: Aggression
they be segregated? From other
non-pro-aggressive personalities
or from each other? Suggests
theory is incomplete.
Situational variables See Zimbardo (1973) Debates
i.e. characteristics of the Very deterministic approach
environment such as `us -overlooks the influence of free will
and them' hierarchy. as the participants were told they
could leave at any time.…read more

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Bibi Masala PSYA3: Aggression
humiliating and aggressive psychological damage and didn't
ways. feel like they had an option to
Conclusion: High secrecy withdraw from the study which
surrounding the fraternities doesn't meet the BPS ethical
increased anonymity of the
guidelines.
group and individual members,
Based in America and therefore has
which increased the likelihood
of aggression as victims were an etic approach.…read more

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Bibi Masala PSYA3: Aggression
Identification with role Martin and Hummer Issues
suggests that individual Findings not easily replicable as the
changes their behaviour Hypothesis: Fraternities as questionnaires sent out may have
in accordance to a role social institutions actively given inaccurate results.
which can be increased encourage sexual violence
by the use of uniforms against women.
Leading questions, for example,
as they help define a
may have resulted in respondents
role and the individual Procedure: They observed
`feels the part'.…read more

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Bibi Masala PSYA3: Aggression
consider other
influences i.e.
biological
approach. This
leads us to
believe that the
social
psychological
approach is not
entirely valid.
A better
approach would
be to merge all
approaches
together in
order to
eliminate the
weaknesses in
the social
psychological
approach.
Milgram(1974)
supports
Zimbardo ­
obedience to
authority.…read more

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