ESSAY PLAN: Discuss explanations of institutional aggression ( 25marks) - Jan 2010

NOTE: The AQA website does not cite the JAN 2010 paper anymore. Hence, the fact the long essay question is now 9marks+16marks and no longer 25 marks. However, the long essay is still assessed in the same way despite the exam format changing. It has just clarified how much A01 and A02 marks are awarded for each response.

Hope this helps and happy revising.


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Bibi Masala PSYA3: Aggression

Discuss explanations
of institutional
aggression ( 25marks)
(Jan 2010)

Introduction: Define
key assumptions,

What is
Which influence
is much greater,
the situational
forces or
traits of the
individual in an

Social Psychological Methodology ­ studies (A01): Evaluation (A02):
Approach (A01)

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Bibi Masala PSYA3: Aggression

to this environment; suggesting there are
other factors involved too. There are
aspects of free will, it's not entirely

Importation model Jiang and Fisher Counter-argument
refers to prison inmates ­Giorlando(2002) DeLisi: link between being part of a
bringing their existing violent gang before going to…

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Bibi Masala PSYA3: Aggression

they be segregated? From other
non-pro-aggressive personalities
or from each other? Suggests
theory is incomplete.

Situational variables See Zimbardo (1973) Debates
i.e. characteristics of the Very deterministic approach
environment such as `us -overlooks the influence of free will
and them' hierarchy. as the participants were told…

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Bibi Masala PSYA3: Aggression

humiliating and aggressive psychological damage and didn't
ways. feel like they had an option to
Conclusion: High secrecy withdraw from the study which
surrounding the fraternities doesn't meet the BPS ethical
increased anonymity of the
group and individual members,
Based in America and therefore has…

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Bibi Masala PSYA3: Aggression

Identification with role Martin and Hummer Issues
suggests that individual Findings not easily replicable as the
changes their behaviour Hypothesis: Fraternities as questionnaires sent out may have
in accordance to a role social institutions actively given inaccurate results.
which can be increased encourage sexual violence

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Bibi Masala PSYA3: Aggression

consider other
influences i.e.
approach. This
leads us to
believe that the
approach is not
entirely valid.
A better
approach would
be to merge all
together in
order to
eliminate the
weaknesses in
the social
Zimbardo ­


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