Key Idea 6.2-The "economic miracle", political and social stability

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In what years does the FRG experience an economic growth?
1949-1963
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What is the growth of the economy per year?
8% per year,
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Give the name of an economist?
Doctor Ludwig Erhard
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What was he responsible for in 1948?
The currency reforms in Bizonia to the Deutschmark,
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Give at least two of his three policies?
"social market economy", "capitalism with a human face", "prosperity for all",
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What is another reason for economic success implemented in 1947?
Marshall Aid,
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What is another reason for economic success linked to WW2 damage?
There is less damage to Western zones than thought and Western allies didnt take excessive reparations,
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Give another economic success due to the refugees.
They were cheap labout and mobile- 3 million refugees
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What is the last reason for economic success due to a war?
The Korean War from 1950-53. Armaments are paid for by the South Koreans and Americans,
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However, could you argue this was a success?
Yes- it was very successful and the economy prospered. However, was it not luck?
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Who joined the CDU?
Conservative Christians, mostly from the Centre Party,
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Did it support capitalism?
Yes- Capitalism with a human face,
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What were its views on competition?
They were in favour of competition although there was also recognition of the need for safeguards to protect weak members of society,
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What was their party programme called?
Ahlean Programme,
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What did element did this programme remove and when?
It removed Christian elements in 1957,
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Where politically did the party shift to e.g.Right, centre, left?
It shifted from right wing and more to the centre,
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Instead of Christian elements, what was it replaced with and why?
Middle-of-the-road conservatism as it conformed bettwe with the 'economic miracle'
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What values/views did the SPD uphold?
Marxist visions of socialism and reformist working class movements,
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When did the SPD develop a new programme and what was it called?
In 1959, -Bad Godesberg Programme,
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What did this programme clealy state about the parties' visions?
that is combined its visions for social justice with individual freedom,
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Where politically did the party shift to e.g.right, centre,left?
It shifted from the left wing and more to the centre,
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What does the FDP stand for?
Free Democratic Party,
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When was this party formed?
December 1948
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How/Who formed the party?
It was formed by the unity of Liberal Parties,
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What did it express the rights for?
It expressed the rights of big business interests and Liberal individual freedoms,
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Although this was a small party, why was it significant in power?
As it held the balance of power between the two major parties in politics,
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Where was it particularily a strong voice?
In West German foreign policy,
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What does the DP stand for and what wing is it?
-German party, -Right of Centre,
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What does BHE stand for and its political views?
-League of Refugees and Expelles, -nationalist, revisionist,
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What two parties are banned and when?
-KPD-1956, -SRP-1952
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What is the phrase to show the decrease in political choice and how is there a decrease in political choice?
"vanishing opposition", -Parties are all the same and moving towards the centre,
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Towards the end of Adenauer's period, describe what is happening?
There is extra-parlimentary opposition,
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Describe the social stabilty of the FRG based on the success of denazification?
The zones did not denazify successfully and alot of former nazis were reintegrated into society,
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In 1951, Adenauer made a speech. Give a phrase from that speech?
"wiedergutmachung" or "making good again",
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What did he state about Germany's involvement with the Holocaust?
That responsibility would be taken for the holocaust but the FRG wouldnt take the blame,
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What did Adenauer promise surivors of the Holocaust?
Generous compensation
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How does this encourage social stability?
As it allows the FRG to move on and recover,
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In 1951, Adenauer implements Law 131. What does this allow and why does he do it?
This gives former Nazis civil servants a right to be reinstated and to get pensions. He did this to ensure recovery,
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Give an example of a former Nazi being reinstated into what?
Hans Globke as Adenauer's personal advisor
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What was his role during the Nazi era?
He drafted the Nuremburg law speeches,
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What did Adenauer open in 1958 for Denazification?
He opened one small office to investigate Nazi War Crimes,
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Was his social policies a success and why?
Not totally as many former nazis with a leading role were unpunished and he left problems with denazification for the next Chancellor,
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How many refugees in the FRG were there in total?
12 million,
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What percentage of the population did they make up?
20%
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What are the success of having large numbers of refugees?
They are cheap and mobile labour,
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However,why does it cause social unrest?
AS women are pushed from the work place and many Germans dislike the refugees,
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Why is there not social stability among young people?
1/4 are fatherless,
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Why is there not social stabilty about politics?
as there is "vanishing opposition" and extra-parlimantary opposition begins with protests and demonstrations towards the end of Adenauer's chancellorship,
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Card 2

Front

What is the growth of the economy per year?

Back

8% per year,

Card 3

Front

Give the name of an economist?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

What was he responsible for in 1948?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

Give at least two of his three policies?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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