Key Idea 4-Shop Keeper/ MittelstandPolicies

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Why did small shopkeepers hate big department stores?
As they could self-service and sell goods more cheapy than they could,
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WHat did Department stores symoblise for the Mittelstand and how did they feel about big competitors?
-They symoblised big businesses, -They felt undermined by big businesses
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In the Spring of 1933, what did SA troops do?
Many local SA men Attacked and terrorised many big department stores who shared the Mittelstand's hostiltiy towards big businesses
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Give an example?
In Braunschweig, a resturant in a local department store was shot to pieces by local SA men,
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In 1933, what law was passed?
the Law for the Protection of Individual Trade Chain Stores
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What did this law forbid?
It forbade new branches to be added, more lines to their products or maintaining self-contained departments such as restaurants,
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How did purchase coupons help the Mittelstand and why?
As purchase coupons were given as a marriage loan for furniture in small department stores and couldnt be spent in chain stores,
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However, why didnt Hitler implement more laws to stop or removed large chain stores?
As big businesses were needed to kick start the economy and accelerate rearmament,
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What were businesses reassured?
There would be no 'wild experiments'
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Did big businesses continue to expand?Give evidence to support this?
Yes, -Between 1935 and 1939, the number of shoe repair shops declined by 14%,
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Who earned less, self-employed craftsmen or workers in large factories?
Self employed craftsmen,
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Give an example of how department store were supported by the government?
The Hermann Tietz Chain of stores whose profits fell by 41% in 1933 but was saved by a government loan of 14 million Reichsmarks
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Why could a collapse from such a store by a problem?
It would have meant an end to 14,000 jobs and damaged the business of supliers and banks which would have 'undermined' the governments 'battle' for employment,
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What did the loan depend on however?
It depended on the resignation of the company's Jewish owners the Tietz brothers,
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What was it renamed?
Hertie
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

WHat did Department stores symoblise for the Mittelstand and how did they feel about big competitors?

Back

-They symoblised big businesses, -They felt undermined by big businesses

Card 3

Front

In the Spring of 1933, what did SA troops do?

Back

Preview of the front of card 3

Card 4

Front

Give an example?

Back

Preview of the front of card 4

Card 5

Front

In 1933, what law was passed?

Back

Preview of the front of card 5
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