Key terms

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Health-related fitness
a basic level of physical fitness components which facilitate a good level of health
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Leisure
a period of time spent out of work and essential domestic activity
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Recreation
the use of time in a manner designed for theraputic refreshement of ones body or mind. Recreation is active for participant but in refreshing and diverting manner.
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Blood pressure
the force exerted by your blood within the arteries
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LDL (low density lipoprotein)
a lipoprotein which has less protein in relation to fat (bad cholestrol)
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HDL (high density lipoprotein)
a lipoprotein which has more protein in relation to fat (good cholestrol)
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Hypokinetic disorder
a disorder that is totally or partly attributed to a lack of physical activity
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Sedentary lifestyle
a lifestyle that is predominantly lacking in physcial activity
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Catabolic
describing the breakdown phase, such as training
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Anabolic
describing the build up or recovery phase
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Aerobic
with oxygen
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Anaerobic
Without oxygen
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VO2 maximum (or VO2 MAX)
The maximum amount of oxygen that can be taken in, and used, per kg of bodyweight
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rhEPO
The hormone (erythroprotein) that stimulates red blood cell production
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Basal metabollic rate (BMR)
the rate at which calories are burned
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physiological factor or response
a factor or response that is dependant on the functions or workings of the human body
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psychological factor or response
a factor or response that arises in the mind and is related to the mental and emotional state of the individual
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Electrolyte
a mineral soluble in body fluids and associated with cell membrane electrical potential. The main ones are sodium, potassium and chlorine
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diuretic
a substance that has the effect of increasing urination
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thermoregulation
the process of keeping the internal environment of the body at an acceptable temperature
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Viscosity (of blood)
the fluid thickness or stickiness of blood
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glycogen
a substance (polysaccharide) deposited in body tissues as a store of carbohydrates
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Phosphagens
energy storage compounds, found mainly in muscle tissue as a reserve of high energy phosphate bonds
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Plaque
a rasied region of tissure resulting from deposits of 'bad' cholesterol
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Type I muscle fibre
slow twitch fibre suited to aerobic endurance activity
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Type II muscle fibre
fasst twitch fibre suited to maximum intensity, short duratin anearobic activity
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synovial
describing a freely moveable joint that is surrounded by a tough membrane, such as the knee
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Actin
the protein that forms (together with myosin) the contractile filament in the muscle myofibrils
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Myosin
the fibrous protein that forms (together with actin) the contractile fimament in muscle myofibrils
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ATP
abbreviation for adeonsine triphosphate, a chemical compound that is te body's currency
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Myoglobin
the oxygen-binding pigment in muscle
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Cardiac output
the amount of blood pumped out by the heart/left ventricle in one minute. Cardiac output = stroke volume (SV) x beats per minute (HR)
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Stroke volume
the volume of blood ejected into the aorta per beat measured in litres. Stroke volume = end diastolic volume - end styolic volume
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End diastolic volume
the volume of blood in the ventricle when finished filling
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End styolic volume
the volume of blood remaining in the ventricle after contraction
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Veneous return
the amount of blood returned to the heart / right atrium per minute
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Bradycardia
a resting heart rate below 60 beats per minute
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Hypoxic
a state where not enough oxygen is reaching the tissues
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Ventilation
the act of breating
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Inspiration
breathing in
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Expiration
breathing out
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Respiration
the act of creating energy aerobically
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Diffusion
the movement of gases form an area of high pressure to an area of low pressure
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Pressure gradient
the relative differences between the pressure within two adjacent areas
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Partial pressure
the pressure exerted by a gas within a mixture of gases
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

a period of time spent out of work and essential domestic activity

Back

Leisure

Card 3

Front

the use of time in a manner designed for theraputic refreshement of ones body or mind. Recreation is active for participant but in refreshing and diverting manner.

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

the force exerted by your blood within the arteries

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

a lipoprotein which has less protein in relation to fat (bad cholestrol)

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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