Key Historical Individuals

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Hippocrates
An ancient Greek physician (5th century BC) who invented the theory of The Four Humours
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Galen
Ancient Roman physician (2nd century) refined Hippocrates idea with his Theory of Opposites
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Paracelsus
Pioneered use of chemicals in medicine, challenged Galen's ideas and discovered illness was caused by external agents.
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William Harvey
Discovered that the blood circulated the body not made in the liver which Galen taught
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Thomas Sydenham
He challenged Galen's ideas and discovered that illness was caused by external factors
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Andreas Vesalius
He challenged all Galen's previous teachings in his illustrated medical book
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Johannes Gutenberg
In around 1440, he produced the world's first printing press
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Louis Pasteur
Created the Germ Theory which became the basis for all later medical discoveries. (1861)
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Robert Koch
Built upon Louis Pasteur's theory by identifying that different germs caused different illness
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Florence Nightingale
Pioneered cleanliness and sanitation in hospitals and nursing
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Joseph Lister
Pioneered the use of carbolic acid as antiseptics in surgery, leading to the investigation of antiseptic (1867)
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James Simpson
Tested various different chemical substances and their effectiveness as anaesthetics
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Edward Jenner
Saw a link between cow pox and small pox leading him to create the first vaccine (1796)
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John Snow
Discovered cholera was caused by contaminated water not maisma (he published this in 1849 but it wasn't excepted until the 1860's)
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Alexander Fleming
Discovered penicillin in 1928 after leaving out dirty petri dishes
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Howard Florey and Ernst Chain
Some of Fleming's students who discovered Fleming's findings in an old note book and decided to act on it by further testing it. (1939-1941)
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Dorothy Crowfoot Hodgkin
She identified the chemical structure of penicillin (1945)
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John C. Sheehan
Successfully created a chemical copy of penicillin so that it can be changed to target different diseases
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Lawrence Bruce Robertson and Geoffrey Keynes
Discovered a way to transfer blood to soldiers in ww1 without the need for the donor to be present
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Harvey Cushing
An American neurosurgeon who made huge advances in brain surgery in ww1
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Harold Gillies
Pioneered new plastic surgery ideas in ww1 (main cause of need for plastic surgery)
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Harold Gillies
Pioneered new plastic surgery ideas in ww1 (main cause of need for plastic surgery)
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Ancient Roman physician (2nd century) refined Hippocrates idea with his Theory of Opposites

Back

Galen

Card 3

Front

Pioneered use of chemicals in medicine, challenged Galen's ideas and discovered illness was caused by external agents.

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

Discovered that the blood circulated the body not made in the liver which Galen taught

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

He challenged Galen's ideas and discovered that illness was caused by external factors

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
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