Key Definitions

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Patriarchal
Where we live in a male dominating society and that males opress women e.g radical feminists would say this
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Expressive role
This is associated with Parsons who is a functionlist, this is the female role within the household which is down to the genetics of women having nurturing traits. They would be considered the home maker
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Instrumental Role
This is also associated with the funtionlist Parsons and refers to the role the male performs in the household. This is usually being the financial provider. The Breadwinner
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Cohabiting
This is where couples live together without being married, it is now becoming much more well known. This can be with or without children
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Nuclear family
A husband and a wife with children. This is one generation
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Extended Family
a husband,wife AND their children with at least one relative living with them. Vertical extension= grandparents, Horizontal extension= uncles, aunts
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Reconstituted family
family with children from a previous relationship from either the male or the female
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Gay Parent Families
where homosexual couples can adopt a child. The first adoption of this kind in England and Wales was approved in 1997
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Matrifocal Families
this is where the family is female led so goes against the idea of the perfect nuclear family with the man providing and the family being led by a male
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Kibbutizim
adulst have their own private dwelling while the children are raised collectively in childrens houses away from their parents. However there is regualar contact available
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Clan groups
groups of members who consider themself to be descended and linked through common ancestors going back several centuries
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Sociological perspective
some sociologists seem to agree in the basics and therefore have formed sociological perspectives
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Value Consensus
this is from functionlists which see society and the family as a very positive thing that is working wella and benefitting them
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Value
a value os something we consider important to us e.g family from the functionlist
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Culture
are all these things learned and shared by a society or group of people and transferred from generation to generation e.g tea being english
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Norms
are the specific things we do in order to protect our values and culture e.g. value of family so the norm would be to see them
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Social Solardarity
something which brings everyone together in the community
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Proletariat
someone who works for the rich people which work hard long hours and min wage
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Capitalism
this is associated with karl marcs and says that there is a pursuit to profit which causes inequality
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Communism
the idea that society should be based on the idea that we are all equal and all property belongs to the state where we all share resources equally
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Domestic Division
refers to the roles that men and women play in relation to houseworl e.g women childcare and men financial provider
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March of Progress
this is associated with Young and Wilmott who said that the role for women and men within the family is becoming more equal and that there is a progree to equality.
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Segregated Conjugal Roles
couples have separated role within the family. Leisure activities also tend to be separate this is by Elizabeth Bott 1957
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Joint Conjugal Roles
where the couples share their tasks more equally such as housework and childcare. They also spend thier leisure time together
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Domestic Abuse
the physical, psychological, financial or emotional violence that takes place in a intimate or family type relationship with a pattern of coercive or controlling behaviour
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Pooling
where both partners have access to income and joint responsibility of expenditure in a joint bank account
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Allowance System
where the male gives the female an allowance out of which they have a budget to meet for the families needs. The male receives any surplus income
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Socially Constructed
where the concept of childhood isn't fixed,natural or universal. It is entirely what society and culture makes of it
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Birth Rate
numbe of live births per 1000 of the population per year
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Death Rate
number of deaths per 1000 of the popualation per year
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Fertility Rate
average number of births per 1000 women per year aged 15-44
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Demography
the study of population and their characteristics including the age structure, the size or the deaths or immigration
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4,2,1 Policy
occurs in a ageing population, where there is one of you who has the 2 parents but also the 4 grandparents which are dependent on you.
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Ageing Population
when the average age of the population rises meaning there are fewer young people e.g UK in 2014
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Migration
refers to the movement of people from place to place. it can be internal or international
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Emigration
refers to the movement out of a society or country
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Immigration
refers to the movement into a society or country
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Net Migration
the difference between the number of immigrants and the number of emmigrants
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Globalisation
idea that barriers inbetween societies are breaking and people are becoming increasingly interconnected. The world is becoming smaller
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Illegitimate Children
Children whose parents were not marries when born. These can also be known as bastards
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Monogamy
being in a relationship with only one person at a time
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Bigamy
being married to more than one person at a time it is illegal in the UK
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Divorce
The legal end of marriage
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Separation
when a couple live apart but are still legally married. This could be because divorce can be expensive
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Empty Shell Marriage
when a couple are still married, live together but lead separate lives
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Serial Monogamy
when a person has a series of divorces and remarriages
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Polygamy
married to more than one person at a time. Man with wives= polygny. Women with husbands= ployandry
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One Person Households
where there is one person who looks after the child and house
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Perverse Incentive
rewarding irrresponsible behaviour of having children wihtout having having enough to provide for them. This is associated with Murray
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

This is associated with Parsons who is a functionlist, this is the female role within the household which is down to the genetics of women having nurturing traits. They would be considered the home maker

Back

Expressive role

Card 3

Front

This is also associated with the funtionlist Parsons and refers to the role the male performs in the household. This is usually being the financial provider. The Breadwinner

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

This is where couples live together without being married, it is now becoming much more well known. This can be with or without children

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

A husband and a wife with children. This is one generation

Back

Preview of the back of card 5
View more cards

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