Industrialisation

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Parsons
argued that the industrial revolution brought four fundamental changes to the family:
1 of 5
Geographical Mobile workforce
Parson argued that the nuclear family evolved from their extended family as they had to move away to be able to serve the economy. Achievement became more important than ascription as education was introduced.
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Isolation
Because society requires the family to be geographically mobile, it led to isolation from their extended network kinship. They were less reliant on kin for economic and social support.
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Specialised agencies took over function of the family
After the industrial revolution, families are able to buy food from supermarkets and not being reliant on crops.
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New nuclear family unit provided members with a clear division of labour
The husband is the instrumental leader and the wife is the expressive leader where she is responsible with the housework and looking after her children and giving emotional support to her husband.
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Other cards in this set

Card 2

Front

Parson argued that the nuclear family evolved from their extended family as they had to move away to be able to serve the economy. Achievement became more important than ascription as education was introduced.

Back

Geographical Mobile workforce

Card 3

Front

Because society requires the family to be geographically mobile, it led to isolation from their extended network kinship. They were less reliant on kin for economic and social support.

Back

Preview of the back of card 3

Card 4

Front

After the industrial revolution, families are able to buy food from supermarkets and not being reliant on crops.

Back

Preview of the back of card 4

Card 5

Front

The husband is the instrumental leader and the wife is the expressive leader where she is responsible with the housework and looking after her children and giving emotional support to her husband.

Back

Preview of the back of card 5

Comments

wngono

Straight forward and concise summary of Parson explanation of the change from extended to nuclear family following industrialisation. 

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