Key Sociological Thinkers

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Functionalists 

Parsons:

  • Pre-industrial society was characterised by the extended family. As a result on industrialisation, this was replaced by the isolated nuclear family. 
  • Whereas the extended family 'best fitted' the needs of pre-industrial society, the isolated nuclear family is seen as 'best fitting' the needs of an industrial economy. 

Goode supports Parsons because of:

  • Increased geographical mobility
  • Increased social mobility
  • A decrease in the functions of the family
  • A move from ascribed to achieved status

Goode disagrees with Parsons though that the nuclear family was caused by industrialisation…

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